India, the country famous for its diversity in culture and heritage, was once home to some of the greatest mathematicians, thinkers and philosophers. These renowned people have contributed a great deal in influencing the thoughts and dispositions of huge masses of Indians over the progress of centuries, and have in a way, shaped the country as it exists today. One such renowned personality is Abhinavagupta.
One of the greatest philosophers to have ever lived, Abhinavagupta was known for his wit, insight and intellect and reasoning. He was also an avid musician, theologian, logician, dramatist and exegete. His work and ethics have had formidable impacts on Indian heritage and culture.
Born in 950 AD in the Valley of Kashmir, Abhinavagupta was born to highly learned parents who themselves were scholars and great thinkers. The name Abhinavagupta wasn’t his real name and the term relates to the highest levels of “authoritativeness and competence”. On due account of his scholarly pursuits and achievements, he earned the name Abhinavagupta from his master.
Abhinavagupta’s contribution to the field of religion is substantial. One of his most prominent works, the’ Tantraloka’, is a treatise that encompasses the intricate and highly profound philosophical aspects of Kashmir Shaivism. He has numerous works in his name, all dealing with various elements of middle age philosophy and religion.
His work and contribution towards religion comprises of devotional songs, religious manuals and aesthetical philosophy. The “Tantraloka” is a prodigious testament of his excellence and insight in the aspects of middle age religion. Another important religious work is the Tantrasara, a work that includes his commentary on ancient religious texts. Abhinavagupta has also composed a number of devotional poems and hymns. The Bodhapancadasika, Bodhapancadasika and the Paramarthacarca are some of his prolific works.