Narak Chaturdasi, also known as Kali Choudas and Roop Choudas, is observed on the Chaturdashi day in dark fortnight or Krishna Paksha during Ashwin month as per Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh calendars.
It falls in Kartik month as per North Indian Hindi calendars.
Narak Chaturdashi 2016 date is 29 October. It is also known as Choti Diwali.
Wicked demon King Narakasur was killed by Lord Sri Krishna and his wife Satyabhama on this day. Narak Chaturdashi marks the celebration of lights as it brought the world from darkness to the path of light.
In Gujarat and Rajasthan and some other North Indian regions, Kali Puja is also observed on Narak Chaturdasi. It is also celebrated as Soundarya vriddhi divas (Roop Choudas). Yama Puja or Yama Tharpan is also performed on this day.
‘Abhyanga Snana’ (ritualistic oil bath) is one of the most preferred deeds of Choti Diwali. Early morning before sunrise, Narak Chaturadasi snan is performed.