Rig Veda Upakarma procedure or prayogam is given here for 2021. Rig Veda Upaakarma or Rig Veda Avani Avittam is followed by Rig Vedi Brahmins in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka. In 2021, Rig Upakarma date is 21 August.
Rig Upakarma Mantras in Tamil for 2021 procedure is given in this website link. This article gives a glimpse on the mantram, maha sankalpam, and other rituals to observe during Rug veda Avani Avittam.
Rig Veda Avani Avittam 2021 date – 21 August
The Mantras for Rig Veda Upakarma procedure 2021
Gayatri Japam 2021 date is August 23. And check out Gayatri Japam Mantras here for 2021..
(For 15 years , I had been putting the for the rig Vedis, the same collection of Manthras like Yajur vedis. Being a Yajur vedi , I have seen the rig Vedis also doing the same rituals as Yajur Vedis. A learned Gentleman from Madras viz Sri Mani Narayan wrote to me that the manthras , I was giving was wrong and the correct manthras are available in a book by Seri L.Anantha Narayana Sastri and published by R.S.Vadhyar, Palakkad. Three years back I got the book, To my surprise I found all the rituals before Mahasankalpa were Pujas and Homas, which cannot be performed without the help of the learned priest. They are
4.Veda Vyasa Pooja
5.Pradhana AAjyaa hoothaya
6,Pradhana Charu homa
7.Uthsarjanarthe Veda Aarambh
The Kanda Rishi Tharpanam of the Yajur Vedis is to be replaced by A very elaborate Deva –Rishi –Tharpanam , which is again is followed by Gayathri Homa and Veda Aramba, Since I was trying to give Manthras for people who cannot get help of Vadhyars , I am giving below, Yajnopavitha Dharana Manthra, Mahasankalpam and Deva Rishi Pithru Tharpanam , followed by Brahma Yagna and the Gayathri japa manthras for the 23-8-2021. I am an ignoramus and so if I have committed any errors, please pardon me. My thanks for several of my friends who responded for my request for clarification on Rig Vedi Upakarmam)
1.Yagnopa veetha dharana manthra
( Manthra for wearing Poonal)
a.Aachamanam:Shuklaam Bharadharam………. Santhaye
c.Mamo patha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri paameshwara preethyartham
Sroutha smartha vihitha sadachara nithya karmaanushtanaa yogyatha sidhyartham brhma teja abhivrudyartham yagnopaveetha dharanam karishye.
d.Yagnopaveetha dharana maha manthrasya
Parabrhma rishi(Touch forehead)
Trushtup chanda (touch below nose)
Paramathma devatha (touch heart)
e.Yagnopaveetha dharane viniyoga
Wear Poonal one by one by reciting(poonal should be held by both hands, the tie in the poonal being held above by the right hand facing upwards)
Yagnopaveetham paramam pavithram praja pathe,
Yat sahajam purasthad aayushyam
Agriyam prathi muncha shubram yagnopaveetham balamasthu theja.
f.After wearing all poonals one by one do Aachamanam
g.Remove the old poonals and break them to pieces by reciting
Upaveetham bhinna thanthum jeernam kasmala dooshitham, visrujami jale punarbrahman varcho deergayurasthu me.
Summary meaning: I wear the white yagnopavitha that is purifying , which was born along with brahma, which is capable of increasing life .I am sure this would give glory and strength to me.I am destroying the dirty , soiled yagnopavita .
There is no Kamakarsheth Japa prescribed for those who follow Rig veda
(21 August 2021 after Madhyaanikam and Brahma yagnam@)
Apavithra pavithro vaa sarvaavasthaam gathopi vaa , ya smareth pundari kaksham, sabahyanthara suchi , manasam vaachikam paapam , karmanaa
Samuparjitham, sri Rama smaranenaiva vyopahathi na samsaya .Sree rama Rama rama
Tidhir Vishnu, Tatha vaara, nakshatram Vishnu reva cha
Yogascha karanam chaiva sarvam Vishnu mayam Jagat ,
Sri Govinda , Govinda, Govinda
Aadya sri bhagawatha, Aadi vishno, Aadinarayanasya achinthyaya , aparimithaya, sakthyaa, briyamaanasya, mahaa jaloughasya madhye,
paribrhamatham aneka koti brhmaandanam madhye, eka thame, prithya aptejo vayvakaasaa ahankaradhi -mahada vyakthai-aavaranair- aavruthe- asmin mahathi bramanda-karandaka-madhye aadhara sakthi –koormaa nandathi ashta diggajopari prathishtithasya , athala-vithala-suthala-rasaathala-thalaa thala-mahaathala-pathalakyai loka sapthakasya upari thale, punya kruthaam nivaasabhuthe bhoor –bhuvar-suvar-mahar-janarr-thapa-satyaakhyai loka shatkasya adho bhage mahaa nalayamana phani raja seshasya sahasra phanaa mani mandala mandithe, dighdanthi-shunda dhanda-uttambhithe, panchasath koti yojana vistheerne, lokaloka –achalena valayithe lavaneshu-sura-sarpi-dhadhi-ksheera-udakaarnavischa parivruthe, jambhu-plaksha-saka-salmali-kusa-krouncha-pushkarakhya saptha dweepanaam madhye, Jamboo dweepe, Bharatha varshe, bharatha kande, prajaapathi kshetre dandakaaranya-chamapakaaranya-vindhyaaranya-veekshaaranya-vedaaranayaadhi, aneka punya aaranyaanam Madhya pradeshe, karma bhoomou, rama –sethu-kedharayoo madya pradaeshe , Bhaageerathi-Gouthami-Krishna veni-Yamuna-Narmadaa-Thungabadhraa-Triveni-Malaapahaarini-kaveri- ithyadi , aaneka punya nadhi viraajithe, Indraprastha-Yamaprastha-Aavanthikaapuri-Hasthinaapuri-Ayodhyaa puri-Maayaa puri-Kasi puri-Kanchi puri-Dwarakaa aadi aneka punya puree viraajithe Sakala jagat srushta, parardha dwaya jeevana, bramana dweethiya parardhe, Pancha sathabdhou, prathame varshe, prathame mase, prathame pakshe, prathame divasae, aahni, dweethiye yame, trithiye muhurthe, swayambhuva-swarochisha-uthama-thamasa-raivatha-chakshu shakheshu, shatsu manusha atheetheshu, sapthame vaivaswathe manvanthare, aashta vimsathi thame, kali yuge, prathame padhe, Jamboo dweepe, Bharatha varshe , Bharatha kande, Mero dakshine parswe. Asmin varthamane , vyavaharike prabhavaadheenam sashtya samvatsaranaam madhye
Plava nama samvatsare, Dakshinaayane, varsha rithou, simha mase mase, Krishna pakshe, aadhya Chathurdasyam shubha thidou, manda vasara yukthayam, Sravana ** nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubha karana evam guna, viseshana visishtaayam, asyam Chathurdayam shubha thidou
anaadhya vidhya pravarthamane asmin mahathi samsara chakre vichitrabhi karma gathibhi vichitrasu yonishu puna puna anekadha janithwa kenapi punya karma viseshena idhaanimthana manushye dwijanma visesham prapthavatho mama jjanmabhyasa jjanama prabruthi ethath kshana paryantham , baalye, vayasi kaumare yowane vaardhake cha jagrath swapna sushupthya avasthamsu mano vak kaya karmendriya jnanendriya vyaparai kama-krodha-lobha-moha-madha-mathsaryaadhi sambhavithaanam iha janmani janmanthare cha jnana ajnana kruthaanam maha pathakanaam mahaa patathakanumanthratwadeenam , samapathakaanaam upapaathakaanaam malini karanaanam nindhitha dhana dhaano upa jeevanaadeenam aapathrikarananaam jathi bramsa karaanam vihitha karma thyaagaaadeenam jnanadha sakruth kruthanaam ajnanatha asakruth kruthaanam sarveeshaam papaanam sadhya aapanodhanartham
aswatha narayana sannidhou-deva brahmana sannidhou-tryaa trimsath koti devathaa sannidhou-sri visaalakshi sametha visweswara swami sannidhou-mahaa ganapathi sannidhou-seetha lakshmana bharatha sathrugna-hanumt samedha sri rama chandra swmai sannidhou-sri rukmani sathyabhama samedha sri gopala Krishna swami sannidhou-hari hara puthra swami sannidhou-sri lakshmi narayana swami sannidhou sraavanyaam TRayodasyam adhyothsarjana karmaangam avabrutha snanam aham kaishye
Athi krura maha kaya, kalpanthahanopama,
Bairavaya namasthubhyam anujnam dathu marhasi
@ Brahma Yagna Manthras are given at the end.
*Chathurdasi up to 7.02 pm 21-8-2021 and then Pornami 5.33 pm next day
**Sravana Nakshatra is up to 8.22 pm on 21-8-2021 IST , afterwards sravishta Nakshatra yukthayam up to 7.40 PM next day.
These are according to the Madathu Panchanga
– Before you do the Upakarma , please calculate corresponding IST and take the proper Thidhi and Nakshatra.
Summary meaning:Here again apart from locating oneself with reference to time , one locates himself with reference to place also.We are supposed to live in Jambu Dweepa, Bharatha Kanda which is south of the great mountain Maha meru.Then again this Bhasratha Kanda is blessed with many holy rivers and holy places.Then prayer is done to God to pardon sins committed by word, thought and deed, because this was done inspite of his great grace which made us be born as human beings after several wheels of birth.Also the sins performed during several ages in life is highlighted.Some of the sins specifically mentioned are those done while earning money without conscience, giving money to improper people, actions which did not suit the caste we are born in, sins due to non performance of actions which ought to have been done and so on. We pray God and tell him that we would take bath in holy pure water and then start the veda parayanas which is our duty as Brahmin.
3.Yagnopa veetha dharana manthra
After bath again change poonal by reciting manthra as given in s.No.1.Please note that now a days very rarely people take bath after mahaa sankalpam but do prokshana snanam i.e bath by sprinkling of water on the head.
4.Deva Rishi Pithru Tharpanam
1.Shuklambaradaram Vishnum , saivarnam chathur bujam,
Prasanna vadanam dhayayeth , Sarva Vighna upasanthaye.
3.Mamopartha samastha duritha kshayam dwara , sri parameswara preethyartham , aadyoyaathsarjjana karmangam ,
Deva , rishi THarpanam karishye( For people having father living),
Deva , rishi , Pithru , tharpanam Karishye ( For people whose father is no more.)
- Deva Rishi Pithru Tharpanam
- With Yagnopavita on left shoulder(Upavitha) one tharpanam from tip of fingers
1.SAvithrim Tharpayami ,
9.Chandamsi risheen tharpayami
- With Yagnopavita on Left shoulder(Upveethi), one tharpanam through tip of the fingers
1.”Agnimeele Purohitham Yagnasya deva mruthveejam hothaaram rathna dhathamam “ Agnim Tharpayami
(The manthra within inversted commas is the rik. According to rules these tharpanams are to be done with chanting the rik . But if the custom of your family, is not to chant the rik, please chant only “Agnim Tharpayami”)
2.”Kushumbakasthadha braveedh giree pravarthamaanaka vruschikasyaarasam vishamarasam Vruschika thee visham” apthyaana suryaan tharpayami
3.”Thwam agne dhybhi sthwa maa susukshaani stwamadh bhya stham asmana pari , thwam vanebhya sthwam oshadheebhya , sthwam nrunaam nrupathe jayase suchi” agnim tharpayami
4.”aavadhgasthwam sakune badhramavadha thushnemaaseena sumathim chikuidhi na , yadath padan vadasi karkareeryadhaa bruhathadhema vidhadhe suveeraa” sakuntham tharpayami
5.”Somasya maa thavasam vakshyagne vahnim chakrtha vidhadhe yajadhyai devaa achaa dheedhya dhyagne adhrim samaa ye agne thanwam jushaswa “Agnim tharpayami
6.”Grunaanaa jamadanina yonaa vruthasya seedhatham somamruthaavrudhaa “ Mithravarunou Tharpayami.
7.”thwam hyagne sadamith samanyavo devaaso devamarathimn nyorira ithi kruthwaa ntyoriree .Amarthyam yagnamarthhyeshwaa devamaa devam janatha prechethasam Viswamadevam janatha prachethasam “ Agnim tharpayami.
8.”Dhamanthe viswam bhuvana madhi sritha mantha samudhre hrudhya antharaayushi apamaaneeke samidheya abruthasthama shyama madhumantham tha oormim” apa tharpayami
9.”Abodhyagni budhagavishti ravagni sthrishtyup uthsa ga abodhyagni samidhaa janaanaam prathi dhenum mivayathi mushaasaam yahwaa iva pravayaamujjihaanaa prabhanavaa sisrathe naka macha” agnim tharpayami
10.”ganthano yagnam yagniyaa susami srotho havamaraksha yevayaa maruth , jyeshtaaso na parvathaaso vyomani yooyam thasya prachethasaa syatha dhurdhatha vo nidha “ Marutha tharpayami
11.”Thwaam hyagne pradhamo moanotha asyaa dhiyo abhavo dasma hothaa . thwam seem vrushanna krunor dhishta reethu saho viswasmai sahase sahadhyai “ agnim tharpayami
12.”yon a swo aranoo yascha nishtyo jigaamsathi devaastham sarvee dhoorvanthu brahma varme mamantharam “ devaan brahma tharpayami.
13.” Agnim naro dheedhithibhiraranyor hastha chyoothi janayantha prasastham . dhoore drusam gruhapathi madharyoom “ Agnim tharpayami
14.”Prathi chakshwa vichakshendrascha soma jaagrutham rakshobhyo vadamasyathamasanim yathumadhbhya” indra somou tharpayami
15.”Ma chaidhanyadhwisamsatha sakhaa yo maa rishanyatha indramith sthotho vrushanam sachaasuthe muhurkdhaa cha samsathas” Indram tharpayami.
16.”aagneyaahi maruthsakhaa rudrebhi soma peethaye sobharyaa upasushtyathimn madhayaswa swarnare” Agna marutha tharpayami
17.”swadhishtayaa madhishtayaa pavaswasoma dharayaa indraaya pathave sutha”, pavamana somam tharpayami.
18.”Yathe rajajnachrutham havisthena somabhiraksha na , araatheeva maa nasthareenmochana kinchanamamadhiriyondho parisrava “ pavamana somam tharpayami .
19.”agre brahunnashasaamoordhwo asthanirjaganwaan thamaso jyothishaa aagath , agnir bhanunaa rusathaa swanga aa jatho visou sadhmaanyapraa” Agnim tharpayami
20.”samaanee va aakoothi ssamaanaa hrudayaani va samanamasthu vo mano yadhaava ssushaasathi “ samjnanam tharpayami
21.”Thachamyoraa vruneemahe gathum yajnaayaa gathum yajnapathaye daivee swasthirasthuna swasthr manushebhya oordhwam jigathu bheshajam sanno asthu dwipadhe sam chaushpade” Viswaan devan Tharpaymi
IIi. Deva tharpanam
With Yagnopavita on Left shoulder(Upveethi), one tharpanam through tip of fingers
6.Sarvaani chandaamsi sthrupyanthu
- Dhwa pruthwi sthrupyanthu
- Anthareeksham sthrupyanthu
- Saankhyaa sthrupyanthu
20.Kshet5hra oushadhi vanaspathi Gandharwaa apasrasa sthrupyanthu
Iv. Rishi Tharpanam
Wearing Yagnopavita as Garland( Niveethi) , Two times water has to be offered from the centre of the palm
12.Mahaa sukthaa strupyanthu
V.Aacharya tharpanam (Yagnopasvitha on right shgoulder(Prachina vidhi)
Three tharpanam every time water to go in between thumb and the palm.
1.Sumathu Jaimini Vaisampayana Paila Suthra Bhasya Bharatha Mahabharatha Dharmaacharaa strupyanthu
2.Jaananthi Baahavi Gaargya Gowthama Saakalya Bhaabravyaa , Mandavyaa Mandukeya strupyanthu
3.Gaargi vaachakavi Thrupyathu
- Badavaa Praathideyi thrupyathu
5.Sulabhaa Maithreyi thrupyathu
8.Maja Kousheethakam tharpayami
- Maha paingyam tharpayami
14.Maha aithareyam tharpayami
17.Sujatha vakthram tharpayami
19.Maha oudhavahim tharpayami
- Soujamim tharpayami
Vi. Pithru tharpanam (Yagnopasvitha on right shgoulder(Prachina vidhi)
Three tharpanam every time water to go in between thumb and the palm.
1.Pithrun Swadhaa namastharpayami
2.Pithamahaan Swadhaa namastharpayami
3.Prapithaamahaan Swadhaa namastharpayami
4.Mathru Swadhaa namastharpayami
5.Pthamahi Swadhaa namastharpayami
6.Prapithamahi Swadhaa namastharpayami
7.Mathamahaan Swadhaa namastharpayami
8.Mathu pithamahaan Swadhaa namastharpayami
9.Mathu prapithamahaan Swadhaa namastharpayami
10.Matha mahi Swadhaa namastharpayami
11.Mathu pithamaha Swadhaa namastharpayami
12.Mathu prapithamaha Swadhaa namastharpayami
- Yathra kwachana samsthaanaam kshuth trushnopahathathmanaam ,
Bhoothaam trupthaye thoyam idhamasthu yadha sukham trupyatha, trupyatha , trupyatha
Wear Yagnopaveetha on the left shoulder , do Aachamanam
Saying “Om Thathsath Brahmarpanamathu “ pour out little water
Though these are essential part of Avani avittam , I am not giving this because Vedic manthraas are very diffcult to transliterate in to English and reading them wrongly would be counter productive.
6.Gaayathri japam is on 23-8-2021 for Yajur, Rig and Sama Vedis and Gayathri japa Manthras are given separately. Possibly these have to be chanted after Brahma yagnam.Get clarification from your acharyas
Appendix Brahma Yagnam.
Face eastern direction and do “Shuklam baradaram….” Followed by pranayamam “om Bhoo…”
Mamopatha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri Parameshwara preethyartham Brahma Yagnam karishye. Brahma yagnena Yakshye.
Chant and clean the hands with water
Vidhyudasi paapmanam vidhya me paapmanam amruthath Sathya mupaime
And then chant
Om Bhooo tatsa vithurvarenyam
Om Bhuva Bhargo devasya Dheemahi
Ogum suva Dhiyo yona prachodayath
Om Bhooo Tatsa vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya dheemahi
Om Bhuva Dhiyo yona prachodayath
Ogum Suva Tatsa vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya Dheemahi Dhiyo yona prachothayath
Chant Vedic manthras
Om Agnimeele purohitham Yagnasya Dheva mruthvijam, hotharam Rathna Dhathamam hari om
Om Atha Maha vrutham yesha bandhaa, yethath karma adatha samhithaya Upanishad-vidhamaga nvitha kathum maha vruthasya pancha vimsathi sami dhenya agnir vai devanaam avamo Vishnu
Adhaithasya samnayasya vidhano yo gapthim vakshyama ukthani vaidhanikani gruhyani vakshyama
Yadheendrathou dasarajne manusham vyapakaa hathaa idham janaa upasruthaa naraasamasas thavishyathe
AAdhyam purushameesaanam Yogeeswaram Yajnavalkyam namo hiranyagarbhaya haraye samkarayacha mayarasathajabha nalaga sammitham
Adha seekshaam pravakshyami om gau gma jma kshma adatho dharma jijnasa,
Then repeat three times
Om Namo Bruhathe Karomui
Hari om Ishe Tworje Thwa vayavasthapayavastha Devo vassavitha prarpayathu sreshtathamaya karmane-Hari Om
Hari Om Agna Aayahi veethaye grunano havyadathaye, ni hotha sadhsi bharhishi Hari Om
Hari Om sanno devirabheeshtaya Aapo peethaye sam yorabhisravanthu na Hari Om
After this recite if possible vedic manthras that you know like Rudram, Chamakam etc
Sprinkle water round the head by reciting
Om Bhoorbuvassurom Sathyam Thapa sradhayam juhomi
Recite three times with folded hands
Om namo brahmane namosthwagnaye nama pruthwyai nama oshadheebhya namo vaache namo vaachaspathaye namo vishnave bruhathe karomi.
8.Clean the hands again with water by reciting “vrushtirasi vruschame paapmanamamruthath sathyamupaaga”
Chant “shuklam baradaram….”
Do Pranayamam, “om Bhoo…”
Mamopatha samastha duritha kshaya dwara sri parameshwra preethyartham deva-rishi-pithru tharpanam karishye.
Touch water and clean your hands
Do deva tharpanam through the tip of fingers
6.SArvani chandamsi trupyanthu
12.Dhyavaa pruthvi trupyethaam
22.Kshetra oushadhi vanaspathi Gandharwa apsaras trupyanthu
13, Do rishi tharpanam by wearing yagnopaveetha as garland and pouring out water from the liitle finger
3.Krutha samathas trupyanthu
10.Kshudra sukthas trupyanthu
11,Maha sookthas trupyanthu
14.Only those who have lost their father (others go to step 15)do Pithru tharpanam wearing the yagnopaveetham on the right shoulder pouring water between the thumb. And index finger.
1.Sumanthu Jaimin vaisampayana pails suthrakara bashya BHaratha Mahabharatha dharmacharyas trupyanthu
2.Janandhi Bahavi Gargya Gowthama SAkalya Babravya Mandavya , mandugoyas trupyanthu
3.Gargi vasaknavi Trupyathu
4.Padapss prathitheyi trupyathu
5.Sulabha Maithreyi trupyathu
8.Maha kowsheethakam tharpayami
10.Maha Paingam tharpayami
17.Sujatha vakthram tharpayami
23.Ye cha anye aacharyaa they sarva trupyanthu
Yathra kwachana samsthanaam ,
Kshudthrushno pahatha maathmaanam,
BHoothaanaam trupthaye thoyam
Ithamasthu Yada sukham
15.Put the yagnopaveetha in the normal fashion
Pour water saying Om That sat Brahmarpanamasthu
And then do aachamanam.
Brahma yagnam(sacrifice to Brahma) is the oblation offered to satisfy Devas, Rishis(sages) and Pithrus(ancestors). It is supposed to be performed daily after Madhyannikam, But nowadays it is done mainly on avani avittam days.
* Taken from book on Sandhya Vandhana Bhashyam published by Ramakrishna mutt. Mylapore, Chennai, and Yajur upa karma prayoga published by R.S.Vadhyar , Kalapathy. Transliteration done by P.R.Ramachander
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