Saptamatrikas, Sapta Matrikas

Saptamatrikas or Sapta Matrukas are a group of seven powerful Goddesses always depicted together in Hindu Scriptures. Goddesses – Brahmani, Vaishnavi, Maheshvari, Indrani, Kaumari, Varahi, and Chamunda or Narasimhi are known as Saptamatrikas.

Sometimes they are also depicted as Ashtamatrikas. These Goddesses are worshipped for personal and spiritual rejuvenation.

As per the Devi Purana, Matrikas are worshipped for power of ruling and mukti (salvation). Here is the brief description of each Saptamatrika / Ashtamatrika Goddess.

1. Goddess Brahmi or Brahmani

Brahmi is the Shakti (power) of Lord Brahma. She is depicted similar to Brahma but in female attire. Brahmi is also shown seated on lotus with her Hama vahanam (swan). Read more about the iconography, significance, and Brahmani Puja, etc…

2. Goddess Vaishnavi

Vaishnavi is the Shakti of Lord Vishnu. She is depicted similar to Vishnu but in female attire. Vaishnavi is also shown seated on Garuda. Read more about the iconography, significance, and Vaishnavi Puja, etc…

3. Goddess Maheshvari / Rudrani / Raudri / Maheshi

Maheshvari is the Shakti of Lord Shiva. She is depicted as having Jata mukuta (matted hair), Trinetra (three eyes), and adorned with Kapala (skull-bowl) and Serpent bracelet. She is shown seated on Nandi (bull). Read more about the iconography, significance, and Maheshvari Puja, etc…

4. Goddess Aindri / Indrani / Mahendri / Shakri / Vajri

Indrani Devi is the power of Lord Indra. She is depicted as having two or three or thousand eyes like Indra. Indrani is shown seated on elephant. Read more about the iconography, significance, and Indrani Puja, etc…

5. Goddess Kaumari / Kumari / Kartikeyani / Ambika

Kaumari Devi is the power of Lord Kartikeya or Kumara. Depicted with six heads like Lord Shanmukha (Skanda or Kumara), Kaumari rides a peacock. Read more about the iconography, significance, and Kaumari Puja, etc…

6. Goddess Varahi / Vairali

Varahi Devi is the power of Lord Yama, the God of death. The boar-headed Goddess is depicted as holding Danda, Vajra, Chamara (a yak’s tail), and some other weapons. Read more about the iconography, significance, and Varahi Puja, etc…

7. Goddess Chamunda / Chamundi / Charchika

Chamunda is the power of Devi or Chandi. Appearance of the Goddess is similar to Kali mata. She is shown seated on a jackal. Read more about the iconography, significance, and Chamunda Puja, etc…

8. Goddess Narasimhi

Narasimhi is the power of Lord Narasimha, the Lion-faced incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

Saptamatrika Navaratri is observed during Durga Navaratri in September – October in some ancient temples in Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

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5 Comments

  1. Srisha says:

    saptha kanni pooja way to pooja in telugu history

  2. purnima says:

    pl can you give me gayatrimantra for goddess narshimi the eighth mata
    thanking you in advance

  3. mangala says:

    very nice informatic article iam publishing in my magazine

  4. Sanjeeth says:

    Excellent article. Very precise and gives a quick information. Could you please throw more light on where to get detailed information about Saptamatrikas as I’m writing a book about them same.