Vidhura Neethi, Code of Conduct for All

The victim of adverse fate will first become perverted utterly losing his sense of right and wrong. His power of judgement destroyed by Time, the all powerful, he will act in a Way which will lead him to ruin.

The above mentioned warning was tendered by an elder statesman to an emperor who had allowed his wicked sons to misbehave with a woman and adopt deceitful means in win the men whom they hated. The Mahabharata, in which this scene is enacted, reveals that distrust and anger breed contempt for those who are powerful and who have valour and wisdom. The result was the attempt to do away with such men. When those Wedded to virtue are driven to the edge, they will be inclined to feel that they have been singled out by God for such treatment.

The Pandavas, who were forced to lead lives of ordinary citizens, were demoralized and so sought the advice of sages, who narrated to them episodes in which men of equal eminence, if not more sagacious, had to go through indescribable privations but still did not lose their courage. That even men full of vicious thoughts will not hesitate to seek solace when they face problems, from wise men, is shown in the Epic by the manner in which the blind king approached his close friend and adviser Vidhura. The king feared the day when the Pandavas would return from exile. He spent a whole night listening to Vidhura’s exposition on morals and code of conduct, Pandit V. Natesanar said in a lecture.

According to Vidhura, administration should be entrusted to competent and knowledgeable persons. The assets of a wise one who aspires for higher ideals are forbearance, exertion and steadiness in virtue. He will carry out duties which he knows will be within his capacity. His actions and plans will set be disclosed to others until they are accomplished  he will not affected by honours or by slights. For a foolish man, scripture is a closed book.

Poison kill only one man who consumes it and so does a weapon but wicked counsel destroys an entire kingdom. supreme peace is forgiveness and supreme happiness is benevolence. A ruler should never confer with men of small sense. those who procrastinate, the indolent and the sycophants, should avoid drowsiness, fear, anger and patience. When a person dies, only his merits and sins will accompany him. Asceticism, self restraint, knowledge  sacrifice, pure marriages and gifts of food are the hallmarks of a noble family. The advice of Vidura, is a treatise on Virtue embedded in the Epic. Still the blind king’s mind remained clouded.

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