Vamana Jayanti celebrates the birthday or Appearance day of Lord Vamana, the fifth and the dwarf incarnation of Lord Vishnu. In 2016, Vamana Jayanthi is September 13. Vamana Jayanthi is observed on Shukla Dwadashi during Bhadrapada month (August – September).
Vamana Stotram is recited during the Vamana Jayanti. Vamana Jayanti is celebrated with utmost devotion in Vaishnavite Temples.
Lord Vamana – Fifth Incarnation of Lord Vishnu
Lord Vamana is the fifth incarnation of Lord Vishnu and the first avatar of Treta Yuga. Vamana is the first ever avatar of Lord Vishnu who appears in a complete human form. He is in the form of dwarf Brahmin.
Vamana was born to Aditi and Kashyapa. Vaman is the younger brother of Lord Indra. According to Bhagavata, Lord Vishnu was taken the avatar of Vaman to protect Indras rule over the heavens, which was disturbed by King Mahabali. King Mahabali was so generous and so much devoted to Lord Vishnu but he was a demon. To restore Indras powers on the heavens, King Mahabali should not rule the Earth. For that purpose, Vishnu incarnated as Vaman and went to Mahabali to beg three steps of land to live in.
King Mahabali agreed to give Vamana, a dwarf brahmin, to give three steps of land. Shukracharya, Mahabalis Guru, warned him that the dwarf brahmin is Vishnu and not an innocent brahmachari. But Bali ignored his warning and went ahead to donate three steps of land.
Then, Lord Vaman, the Supreme God Vishnu, grows so huge to cover the heaven and the earth in two simple steps. King Bali was unable to stand by his words, offers his head for the third step. Then Vamana puts his third foot on Bali and provides him immortality as a reward for his great benevolence.