What is the legend or story behind Rishi Panchami vrat? Rishi Panchami Vrat katha or the legend (story) of Rushi Panchami Rajasvala Vratha katha is mentioned in several scriptures as a conversation between a king called Sitasale and Lord Brahma.
King Sitasale asked Lord Brahma asked about a fast or vrata which would provide him a quick result. Lord Brahma told him the importance or the significance of Rishi Panchami Rajaswala vrat.
Rishi Panchami Rajaswala Vrat Katha, Story of Uttank and Sushila
Lord Brahma narrated the legend of a generous Brahmin called Uttank. Uttank lived with his wife Sushila in Vidharba. Uttanks wife Sushila is very much dedicated to her husband. The devoted couple has a son and a daughter. Their daughter married to a young man but he died after few months of their marriage.
The parents constructed a cottage on the bank of the holy river Ganga and lived in it with the widow daughter. One day when she was sleeping in the cottage her body was covered with the ants. The parents were frightened and called the Brahmins. Brahmins performed some rituals and confirmed that in her previous birth, she had entered into the kitchen on the day of menstruation.
The Brahmins told them about the significance and puja procedure of Rushi Panchami Rajaswala vrat and asked them to perform the vrata to get rid of the bad effects of the daughters mistake in her previous birth. Uttank and Sushila made their daughter to perform Rishi Panchami puja and freed her from the rajasvala dosha of her previous birth.
According the scriptures and Hindu beliefs, the girl on the first day of menstruation is Chandalini (demon). On the second day she is considered as Bhramdhatini, a witch. On the third day, the girl is a washer woman and on the fourth or the final day after performing bath, she becomes purified.