Gudhi Padva is the Marathi name for Chaitra Shukla Pratipada. It is considered as the Hindu lunar New Year’s Day. It is celebrated for one day as per the Hindu calendar. This festival is also officially named as Samvatsar Padvo. It is observed by Marathi Hindus and Konkanis of Western India.
According to the lunisolar Hindu calendar, on the first day of the Chaitra month is grandly celebrated as Gudi Padwa to mark the commencement of the New Year. Kalash Sthapana or Ghatasthapana is done on this day.
This particular auspicious day is also the first day of Chaitra Navratri. The term Gudhi Padva originated from the Prakrit word which means pratipadā (the first day of the bright phase of the moon).
In Karnataka, Konkani Hindus consider this particular day as Ugadi. This festival is known among the different people of India in different names such as Gudhee Paadavaa” in Maharashtra, Samvatsar Padvo among Konkani diaspora in Kerala and Hindu Konkanis of Goa.
As Navreh or Navreh amongst Kashmiri Pandits, Ugadi in Andhra Pradesh and Yugadi among the rest of Konkani diaspora in Karnataka plus Cheti Chand among the Sindhi people. It is to be highly noted that this auspicious day happens as first day after Amavasya or new moon day. Local people hoist a Gudi on this particular occasion. The third day of Diwali is known as Balipratipada, the word padva or padavo is also associated with it. It happens at the end of the harvesting season.
It is to be highly noted that Gudi Padwa is one of the most popular harvesting festival in India. The nation is predominantly agrarian society with large number of farmers. In northern India, this festival is celebrated at the end of the Rabi season.
According to the local legends, “Guḍhī Pāḍavā is one of the Saadhe-Teen Muhurta in the Indian Lunar calendar. Gudhi Padwa- 1st Tithi of Chaitra (Bright Half), Akshaya Tritiya- third Tithi (Lunar day) of Bright Half (Shukla Paksha) of the pan-Indian month of Vaishakha, Vijayadashami – 10th Tithi of Ashwin and Balipratipada – 1st Tithi of Kartika (Bright Half).
Gudi Padwa dates in other countries
Gudi Padwa date in Canada – March 31
Gudi Padwa date in USA – March 31
Gudi Padwa date in UK & European countries – March 31
Gudi Padwa date in UAE & other Middle East countries – March 31
Gudi Padwa date in Singapore – March 31
Gudi Padwa date in Malaysia – March 31
Gudi Padwa date in Australia – March 31
Gudi Padwa date in New Zealand – March 31
Gudi Padwa date in Fiji Island – March 31