The outstanding contribution of the Bhagavad Gita, a sermon by God-incarnate Krishna himself on the battlefield, is the incorporation often commandments of Hinduism which if followed diligently will purify a spiritual aspirant’s mind. Three distinctive paths – of Duty, Devotion and Knowledge – to reach God’s kingdom have been prescribed and their merits explained by the Lord.
Devotion in a board sense has two meanings – love of God and spiritual discipline adopted by a seeker to attain the goal of freedom or liberation. There are three levels of exercises which he has to go through — devotion in the form of acquiring knowledge. Devotion as duty brings mental purity, as meditation fetches one-pointedness and reaches culmination when knowledge is gained. Lord Krishna spells out four types of devotes but of them, he likes best one who has crossed these stages and emerges as a supremely wise man (Jnani).
Meditation can again be divided in to five stages. In the first, the seeker goes through the sneaker preparation to achieve success in this field. Meditation cannot be gained in a few minutes. A mind which behaves unruly for nearly 15 hours a day, cannot be easily controlled say, in 15 minutes. In the second stage, he resorts to the preparations just immediately before meditation. The third stage explains the nature of meditation. This id followed by knowing its benefits In the last, he realises the obstacles in ita course. If the mind is to be made conducive to meditation, ten disciplines have been laid down, five positive and the remaining negative, classified as Do,s and Don’ts, which can be called the ten commandments.
Swami Paramarthananda, in a lecture, said these guidelines would lead to a smooth condition which could be used in any direction. The five negative aspects refer to the avoidance of hurting other through thought, word and deed. One should never speak disparaging about other men. Second is the avoidance of uttering falsehood Every lie spoken connoted as disturbance in the mind and only a hormonised and disciplined mind can meditate. Thirdly, no one should possess anything which does not legitimately belong to him. The fourth emphasizes sexual restraint.
Lastly, he should not possess anything too much. The five musts are: entertaining only positive thoughts; contentment, a person learning to be satisfied with what he has; practicing austerities, the mind maintaining equanimity during opposite experience; reading the scriptures because the statements have spiritual potency and the last, the act of surrounding to God. The ten directives are equally grouped as Yama (abstention from doing) and Niyama (practices which ought to be upheld).