Siddharaja Avatara is seventh of Dattatreya’s 16 incarnations. This Avatara was first appeared on Magha Purnima, Thursday, Magha Nakshatra in the afternoon time.
Shri Datta Guru appeared as a boy named Vishwambhara in the Badri forest, where several siddhas were observing penance of different sorts. Some had achieved siddhis and were enjoying many pleasures. Some believed in God, while some did not. Vishwambhara sat in a corner in the assembly of the siddhas. Seeing the lustrous boy, the siddhas asked him, “Who are you ?”
“Shri Datta.” I am not discernible.
Question – “Which is your abode ?”
Answer – “I have no abode. No one is my master.”
Q – “Which is your yoga ? What is the mode of your study ?”
A – “Mine is Chitra yoga and there is no special mode of my study.”
Q – “Which is your mudra ?”
A – “Mine is a compassionate niranjani mudra.”
Q – “What do you see in this mudra ?”
A – “I see what is beyond meditation. My aim is that principle which is beyond the threefold meditations, meditator and the object of meditation.”
Q – “Which is your path ?”
A – “My path is that which gives realisation of the Shivatattva (eternal principle).”
While this dialogue was going on, 11 Rudras, 12 Adityas, 49 Rudraganas, Rishis, Munis, Sadhyadeo, Gandharva, Yaksha, Kinnar etc. were passing through the sky. Their motion being hindered, they all came down on the floor of Badrivan. All the siddhas wondered to see this. Each siddha said that because of his penace, their motion was hindered and they came down on the earth.
Shri Datta, in the body-form, said, “Why do you struggle ? One, who can remove the hindrance of their motion and allow them to go through the sky, will be the best siddha.’’
All agreed to this and each one came forward and said one after another, “I have removed the obstacle in your movement. You can go to your places.’’ But none of them could move a bit.
Then Shri Datta said, “Oh you Rishi-munis and others, you may please go to your places as the hindrance in your movement has since been removed.” Hearing this, all those who had descended, bowed to Shri Datta and flew away in the sky. Seeing this, all the siddhas realised that the boy Yogi was the Parmatma. They, therefore, gave up their vanity and surrendered to him.
The boy Yogi, Shri Datta, said, “I am ‘Siddharaja’, ‘Yogiraja’. I am called ‘Hari’ being Kalagnishamana and remover of miseries. While thinking about Atma and in order to attain me, one should study mantras. I am Mantraraja, undestroyable and Parabrahma. All the universe is under my control; but I am controlled by mantras. All mantras, studied as per due procedure, give siddhi (power of doing certain things) to sadhak.” Saying this, he further told them some mantras and their procedure. This is known as ‘Siddha Rajagam’.
Shri Datta told this again, about 500 years ago, to his great favourite devotee Dasopant of Ambejogai (Maharashtra), who has preserved it in a written script. The publication of ‘Siddha Rajagam’ will be truly most valuable and appreciable.
Siddharaja Dhyana Shloka
Sarva Siddhaantha Siddhaaya
Siddha Raajaaya Siddhaaya
Mantra Daatre Namo Namaha
Siddharaja Arghya Mantras
Sarva Siddhaantha Siddhaaya Devaaya Paramaathmane, Mahaaraajaya Siddhaya, Karmanaargyam Dadaamyaham
Kaayena yatkrutam tatsarvam shree guru dattatreyaarpanamasthu
Samsaara Dhukha Naashaaya Sarva Shoka Haraayacha, Siddha Raajaaya Devaaya, Karmanaargyam Dadaamyaham
Vachasaa yatkrutam tatsarvam shree guru dattatreyaarpanamasthu
Swaroopa Gnaana Deepaaya Sarva Shakthi Dharaayacha, Siddharaajaaya Shaanthaaya, Karmanaargyam Dadaamyaham
Manasaa yatkrutam tatsarvam shree guru dattatreyaarpanamasthu