Sri Panchavarneswarar temple is located in the village named Urayur, in the district of Tiruchchirappalli, in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India. The primary deity of this temple is Panchavarneswarar, Mukkeeshurathu Adigal (Lord Shiva) and his consort is Gandhimathi Ammai.
The holy tree of this temple is Vilwa. The holy waters of this temple are Shiva theertham and Naga theertham. The agamam or pooja of this shrine is known as Kameeyam. This temple is nearly 1000-2000 years old in this area. The historical name of this place is Mukkeeswaram.
According to the local religious experts, “Saint Tirugnana Sambandar had praised the Lord of the temple in his Thevaram hymns. This is the 5th Shiva temple on the southern bank of Cauvery praised in Thevaram hymns.” The important festivals of this temple are Panguni Uthiram in March-April, Mahashivrathri in February-March, Thai Poosam in January-February, Aipasi Poornima Annabishekam in October-November, Chitra Poornima in April-May, Margazhi Tiruvadhirai in December-January, Vaikasi Brahmmotsavam in May-June, Aavani Moola in August-September, Aani Tirumanjanam in June-July, Navarathri in September-October and Aadi Poornima in July-August.
The temple’s specialty is that Lord Shiva is a swayambu murthy. According to Hindu religious and pundits, “Lord showed five colours – golden yellow, white, red, black and smoke ash – to Lord Brahmma, hence praised as Aivanna Perumal in Tamil and Panchavarneswarar in Sanskrit – Lord of five colours. The devotee can observe the change of colours in the Linga during each puja. Wherever Shiva Puja is performed in any part of this world, all glory of the pujas reaches this place, hence the name Urayur bearing this meaning.”