Kojagari Lakshmi Puja is observed on Kojagiri Purnima, the Full moon day which falls after Durga Pooja in Ashwin month. In 2017, Kojagari Lakshmi Puja date is October 5. It is mainly observed in Eastern Indian states – Bengal, Orissa and Assam. Kojagari Vrat is also observed in Central Indian regions – Budelkhand and some parts of Bihar, especially Darbhanga region.
As per Hindu scriptures and Hindu beliefs, the favorite day for Goddess Laxmi is Poornima. Devotees believe that on the day of Purnima, Goddess Lakshmi visits their houses and blesses them with wealth, health and prosperity.
On the day of Kojagari Lakshmi Pooja, devotees install clay idols of Goddess Laxmi in their houses and worship her. The main ritual or tradition is drawing of Alpana. Alpona patterns or designs refer Goddess Laxmis feet. Shodashopachar Puja (16 steps of puja) is performed to Lakshmi. Some special recipes or sweets are made on the day of Kojagiri Lakshmi puja and offered to Goddess laxmi.
The procedure and the other steps of the Kojagiri Lakshmi pooja may differ from place to place and community to community. In some temples or in spiritual or devotional organizations, Sarvajanik Lakshmi pooja is done on Kajagiri Poornima day.
Kojagari Lakshmi Vrat coincides with harvest festival called ‘Navanna. Navanna is the day from when new grain or paddy of the harvest season is generally consumed.