What Hiuen Tsang has written on Kumbh Mela? First written evidence of Kumbh Mela can be found in the accounts of Chinese traveler, Huan Tsang or Xuanzang (602 – 664 A.D.).
Xuanzang, also known as Hsüan-tsang, born Chen Hui or Chen Yi, was Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveler, and translator who described the interaction between China and India in the early Tang Dynasty. Born in Henan province of China in 602, from boyhood he took to reading religious books, including the Chinese classics and the writings of ancient sages.
Hiuen Tsang described visiting the city in 634 AD, and it acquired its present name (Allahabad) in 1584 under Akbar. He visited the city during the reign of King Harshavardhana. He traveled across India from 629 to 645 AD.
Hiuen Tsang mentioned Kumbh Mela as the largest religious gathering in the world. He also described it as a the most sacred gathering held in the North India.