Etymology of Lord Rama

As per Monier Monier-Williams, in post-Vedic times, three Ramas were celebrated. In the Vedas, two Ramas are mentioned that is with the patronymics the Aupatasvini and Mārgaveya. On the other hand, In Rigvedic hymn, another Rama is mentioned with the patronymic Jāmadagnya is the supposed author.

1. Rāmachandra is the son of Dasharatha who belongs to Raghuvamsa. He is strongly believed to have directly descended from Raghu. (“Rama-figuratively is largely referred to as bright light in the night sky or the full moon “).

2. Parashurama is the Sixth Avatara of Vishnu (“Rama of the battle axe”). He is also referred to as Bhārgava Rāma (descended from Maharishi Bhrigu) or Jāmadagnya, or as an Immortal or Chiranjivi.

3. Balarama is the elder brother and close companion of Krishna. (“The strong Rama”).

According to the translation work done by Swami Tapasyananda of the Ramakrishna Mission related to the interpretation of Adi Shankara’s commentary. Swami states that  Rama has two meanings “the One (i.e., Vishnu) who out of His own will assumed the enchanting form of Rama, the son of Dasaratha” and “the supreme Brahman who is the eternally blissful spiritual Self in whom yogis delight”. On the other hand, Rama is the 394th name of Vishnu in the Vishnu sahasranama. The other names of Ram are Ramar (Tamil), Raja Bantugan (Maranao), Megat Seri Rama (Malay), Phra Ram (Lao and Thai), Phreah Ream (Khmer), Ramavijaya (Javanese) and Jàma̰ (Malay). It is to be highly noted that there are several interpretation regarding the name of Lord Rama in South Indian religious text and religious works in Southeast Asia.

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