Garbhadhana Samskara is the first Samskara among 16 Sanskar in approved Hindu Dharma Scriptures. After entering into a social and worldly life, this Garbhadhana Samskara is performed.
It is followed immediately on every matrimonial union. Mostly, on the first night of marriage is ceremonially performed.
Garbhadhana marks the seed for best generation. It is performed prior to first sexual intercourse or insemination of a married couple.
Main objective of married life is to have the best children and to continue the succession of the family.
Taittareya Upanishad states – “Prajatanthu Maa Vyavachchesthi”.
When a student completes his studies and education and leaves Ashram of his Guru, his Acharya explains him Dharma of Grihastha (duties of married life) and asks him not to discontinue the succession of the family.
Parents expecting the best children should first of all purify and sanctify their body and mind and in order to keep the body and mind pure and pious this Samskara is performed.
During the Vedic age, Garbadhana Samskara was given utmost significance.
There are some slokas to chant or recite during Garbhadhana Samskara.
Garbhadana Samskara is performed uttering the following Shloka
Through this Shloka, the one who uttering this Shloka prays to the Goddess to empower this woman capable of conceiving child. This Shloka also honors the God Ashwinikumar and all the deities like Mitra, Varuna, Guru Brihaspati, Indra, Agni, Brahma and worships them to fill the womb of the woman with a fruitful child.
On birth of a child after nine months, following prayer shall be chanted in front of Lord Brahma..
This Shloka says “Oh Brahma Deva! Please create and establish a child in the womb of this woman with a view that she may give birth to a healthy child. Oh Bhagavan, also bless the child so that the child may see Sharad rithu after the birth and may live for hundred years.”