Surya Pongal is the second day of four-day Pongal festival in Tamil Nadu. In 2021, Surya Pongal date is January 14. As the name suggests, the festival is dedicated to Surya or Sun God.
Surya Pongal is celebrated as Makar Sankranti in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and North Indian states. This is also the first day of the Tamil month of Thai masam. Kolam is the main attraction of Pongal festival in Tamil Nadu. Women folk take it as a challenge to decorate their houses with beautiful kolam designs.
Surya Puja is the most important ritual during Surya Pongal festival. Devotees offer naivedyam of milk and jiggery to Lord Surya. Milk is boiled in every house in a clay pot and when the boiled spills out from the pot, children shout out “Pongal – oh – Pongal”. In some places, Pongal (rice recipe) is cooked. Surya Puja marks the beginning of Thai month. Surya Stotras or Prayers of Lord Surya are recited during the Surya Pongal Puja.
Panchang, 14 January 2021
प्रमादीचा नाम संवत्सर, पौष मॉस, शुक्ल पक्ष, प्रतिपदा – द्वितीय तिथि, श्रवण नक्षत्र, वज्रा योग, बव – बालव करण |
Suryodayam (Sunrise) : 7:15 AM
Suryastamayam (Sunset) : 5:46 PM
Chandrodayam (Moonrise) : 8:15 AM
Chandrastamayam (Moonset) : 6:57 PM
Tithi : Pratipada upto 09:01 AM Dwitiya
Nakshatra : Shravana upto 05:05 AM, Jan 15 Dhanishtha
Yoga : Vajra upto 10:06 PM Siddhi
Karana : Bava upto 09:01 AM Balava upto 08:28 PM Kaulava
Paksha : Shukla Paksha
Weekday : Guruvara (Thursday)
Shaka Samvat : 1942 Sharvari
Chandramasa : Pausha – Purnimanta ; Pausha – Amavasyanta
Vikram Samvat : 2077 Pramadi
Gujarati Samvat : 2077 Paridhavi
North Indian Hindi Calendar – Poush Mahina 2077 (Paush Maas)
Malayalam Calendar – Makaram Month 1196 (Makara Masam)
Kannada Calendar – Pausha Maasa
Tamil Calendar – Thai Month (Thai Masam)
Bengali Calendar – Poush Mash 1427
Nepali Calendar – Magh Maas 2077
Telugu Calendar – Pushya Masam (Pushyam)
Marathi Calendar – Poush Maas
Gujarati Calendar – Posh Maas
Shubh Muhurat (Auspicious Timings):
Abhijit Muhurat : 12:09 PM to 12:51 PM
Amrit Kalam (Amrutha Kalam) : 6:51 PM to 08:25 PM
Time to Avoid:
Rahu Kalam : 1:49 PM to 03:08 PM
Yamaganda Kalam : 7:15 AM to 08:34 AM
Gulikai Kalam (Kuligai Timings) : 9:53 AM to 11:12 AM
Dur Muhurtam : 10:45 AM to 11:27 AM 02:57 PM to 03:39 PM
Varjyam : 9:24 AM to 10:59 AM
In 2020, Surya Pongal date was January 15.
In 2019, Surya Pongal date was January 15.
In 2018, Surya Pongal date was January 14.
In 2017, Surya Pongal date was January 14.
In 2016, Surya Pongal date was January 15.
In 2015, Surya Pongal date was January 15.
In 2014, Surya Pongal date was January 14.
In 2013, Surya Pongal date was January 14. Surya Pongal 2012 date was January 15, 2012.