Sri Bhaskareswarar, Parithiappar (Parithi Niyamam) temple is located in the village named Parithiappar Koil, in the district of Thanjavur, in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India. The primary deities of this temple are Bhaskareswarar and Parithiappar (Lord Shiva) and his consort is Mangalambikai.
The holy tree of this temple is Arasu (Bodhi tree). The holy waters of this temple are Surya Pushkarini, Chandra Pushkarini and Karunguzhi Theertham. The agamam or pooja of this temple is known as Kameeyam. This temple is nearly 1000-2000 years old in this region. The historical name of this place is Parithi Niyamam.
According to the local legends, “the temple is praised in the Thevaram hymns of Saints Tirugnana Sambandar, Tirunavukkarasar and Sundarar. This is the 101st Shiva temple on the southern bank of Cauvery praised in hymns.”
The festivals of this temple are Akshaya Thrithiya, 10 day Panguni Surya puja in March-April, Masi Ratha Sapthami in February-March, Deepavalli, Pongal, New Year day, Aipasi Annabhishekam in October-November, all the days of Ekadashi, Sankranti, Jalabhiseka, Shivrathri in February-March, Arudra Darshan or Margazhi Tiruvadhirai in December-January, feeding of Saint Gnanasambandar by Mother Parvathi in the month of Purattasi – September-October and Kartika Purnima are celebrated with much devotion and dedication in the temple.
In the prakara, there are 3 Chandikeswaras. It is to be noted that behind the goshta wall are Sri Anjanya and Lord Maha Vishnu side by side. On Panguni 18, 19 and 20 in March-April, Sun God wholeheartedly dedicates his puja to Lord with his direct rays submitted on Lord Shiva.