Shaivism in North India – origin, history & importance of Shaivism in North India…
Among the four major sects in Hinduism, Shaivism is the sect which says Lord Shiva is the Supreme of this Universe. The people following Shaivism are known as Shaivas or Shaivites. Mount Kailash, the holy river Ganga, Varanasi Temple and all the twelve Jyothirlinga Shrines constitute the major part of Lord Shiva’s replications.
In the ancient times of north India, there were different groups of Shaivites based on the tradition they follow. Some of the traditions were dualistic in nature and some of them were non-dualistic.
All the traditions were practiced across India at one point of time, but the situation has changed over a period of time, with the increased population of other religions in north India. As a result, some of the practices were confined to southern part of India. Shaiva Siddhanta was one among them. Shaiva Siddhanta is an example of dualistic philosophy. And Advaita Siddhanta is an example of non-dualistic philosophy.
The Pre-historic evidence says that the initial practice of Shaivism was dated back to the age of Indus Valley Civilization, which was located in the north-west region of Indian subcontinent. The manufactured articles like Lingams and Pashupati Seal were uncovered in a mine, followed by the emergence of Shaivism across the country till a certain point of time. There were also Schools teaching Shaivism across India.
There were different Schools based on different traditions and regions, different philosophies and theories. Shaivism was spread over across the world by means of various practices, literature and other sources of belief.