Saraswati River Pushkaralu, Saraswati Pushkarams, are the auspicious celebrations dedicated to the Saraswati River, one of the chief Rigvedic rivers mentioned in ancient Sanskrit texts. In 2013, Saraswati River Pushkarams begins on May 31 at 6.49 AM and ends on June 11.
When Pushkararaja, Brihaspati (Guru) enters into Midhuna Rashi, the Saraswati Pushkarams are celebrated. On 31 May 2013, Guru enters into Mrigashira Nakshatra which marks the beginning of Sun’s journey in Midhuna Rashi (Gemini).
Saraswati River – Antarvahini at Triveni Sangam
Saraswati River is considered as the ‘Antarvahini’ which flows at Triveni Sangam. The Rigveda denotes the Antarvahini nature of Saraswati River. Vajasaneya Samhita of Yajurveda and Brahmanas in the Vedas explain the existence of the River along with the details of its areas. The Puranas like Brahmavaivarta Purana and Brahmanda Purana; epics like Mahabharata, Bhagavatha and Ramayana also have the reference of the Saraswati River.
Saraswati River as per Rigveda
The Nadistuti hymn in the Rigveda (10.75) mentions the Sarasvati between the Yamuna in the east and the Sutlej in the west, and later Vedic texts like Tandya and Jaiminiya Brahmanas as well as the Mahabharata mention that the Sarasvati dried up in a desert.
The goddess Saraswati was originally a personification of this river, but later developed an independent identity and gained meaning.
Origin & Journey of Saraswati River
According to geological and glaciological studies, Sarasvati was supposed to have originated in Bandapunch masiff (Sarawati-Rupin glacier confluence at Naitwar in western Garhwal). Descending through Adibadri, Bhavanipur and Balchapur in the foothills to the plains, the river took roughly a southwesterly course, passing through the plains of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat and finally it is believed to have debouched into the ancient Arabian Sea at the Great Rann of Kutch.
In this long journey, Saraswati River was believed to have had three tributaries, Shatadru (Sutlej) arising from Mount Kailas, Drishadvati from Siwalik Hills and the old Yamuna. Together, they flowed along a channel, presently identified as that of the Ghaggar river, also called Hakra River in Rajasthan and Nara in Sindh. The rivers, Saraswati and Ghaggar, are therefore supposed to be one and the same, though a few workers use the name Ghaggar to describe Saraswati’s upper course and Hakra to its lower course, while some others refer Saraswati of weak and declining stage, by the name Ghaggar.
Major Sites and Temples for Saraswati Pushkarams 2013
Kurukshetra is at the banks of Saraswati River.
At a distance of 9 kms from Badrinath at Maana village, we can see the Saraswati River. From here, the river flows for 5 kms and merges in Alakananda River. This place is popular as ‘Keshava Prayaga’.
Then the river flows into Triveni Sangam (Allahabad) where it merges with Ganga and Yamuna Rivers. Here Ganga and Yamuna rivers are visible but the Saraswati flows as Antarvahini.
Pushkar in Rajasthan has the grand Brahma Temple. Brahma Sarovar of Pushkar is also a great place to perform Saraswati River Pushkara Punya Snana.
In Gujarat, Somnath Jyotirlinga Temple (Devo Swarna Kshetra) and Siddhapur Temple are the important sites for Saraswati Pushkara snana.
Bedaghat in Madhya Pradesh is another famous site for Pushkara Snana where the Sangam (confluence) of Narmada River and Saraswati River exists.
In Andhra Pradesh, Kaleshwaram is one of the famous site for Saraswati Pushkarams where Pranahita River flows. Kaleshwaram has the Mukteshwara Linga Shiva Temple.