Pancha bhoota Kshetras or Pancha Bhuta linga kshetra are the five predominant temples of Lord Shiva. Pancha bhoota lingas represent the five primordial elements – earth (prithvi), water (Jala), fire (Agni – Tejo), air (vayu) and space (akasa). Human life depends on these five primordial elements. Aatma (soul) exists in the body which is structured with Panchabhoota.
Adhideva – Lord Shiva in ‘linga roopa (form of lingam) in five holy places – Kancheepuram (Prithivi lingam – Nillam or Earth), Thiruvanaikoil (Jala lingam – Neer or water), Thiruvannamalai (Tejo lingam – agni or neruppu or fire), Sri Kalahasti (Vayu lingam – kattru or air) and Chidambaram (Akasa lingam – agayam or space).
List of Pancha Bhootha Linga Temples:
- Kanchipuram (Tamil Nadu) – Ekamreshwara swamy (Prithvi Linga) with his consort Kamakshi Devi Ammal (Goddess Parvati)
- Thiruvanaikoil (Thiruvanaikaval) (Tamil Nadu) – Jambukeshwara swamy (Appulingeshwara, Jambunathar, Sri Neer Thiralnathar, Anaikka Annal) (Jala Linga) with his consort Akhilandeshwari Ammal
- Thivannamalai (Tamilnadu) – Arunachaleshwara swamy (Tejo Linga) with his consort ‘Unnamalai Ammal (Parvati Devi)
- Sri Kalahasti (Andhra Pradesh) – Sri Kalahastiswara swamy (Vayu Lingam) with his deveri (consort) Goddess Jnana Prasoonamba Devi
- Chidambaram (Tamil Nadu) – Sri Nataraja swamy(Vaidyanatheeshwara swamy) (Akasa Lingam)