Magh month or Magha masam is the 11th month in Hindu calendar and dedicated to Lord Shiva. Magh mahina is considered as one of the auspicious months as per Hinduism because during this period, The Goddess of education and learning – Goddess Saraswati Devi, the God of health – Surya Bhagwan and one of the Trimurti – Lord Shiva in Shivalinga form were born.
Kartik month is popular for Deepa or diya jwalan and Magh month is auspicious for Punya Snanam (Magh Snan). Starting from Paush Amavasya day, Magh Snan is observed during the whole period of Magh month.
In 2021, Magh month starts on January 29 and ends on February 27 in North Indian Hindi calendar. Magh mahina 2021 begins on 12 February and ends on March 13 as per Marathi, Gujarati, Telugu, and Kannada calendars.
Magha Masa Vratham:
Surya Bhagwan is worshipped during Magh month with shodashopachar puja and deepa prajwalan (lighting diyas). Magh Pradosh or Pradosha puja in Magha masam is the most auspicious time for lighting lamps and offering Til (sesame seeds) to Brahmins. Pratha Snanam or taking bath in the early morning is considered as meritorious in magh mahina.
Major Festivals in Magha Masam or Magh month:
Magh Shukla Panchami is observed as Saraswati Puja in Bengal. It is also known as Shree Panchami or Vasant Panchami or Basant Panchami. Magh Shukla Saptami is popular as Rathasaptami or Surya Jayanti. Magh Shukla Ekadashi is observed as Bhishma Ekadasi in South India and Jaya Ekadasi in North Indian states. Maha Shivaratri is celebrated on Magh Krishna Chaturdashi as per South Indian, Marathi, and Gujarati calendars.
In Andhra Pradesh, Magha masa Adivarala nomu is observed. Surya Bhagawan is offered puja and special naivedyam on Sundays during Magha masam. Magha Gauri Nomu or the vow dedicated to Goddess Gowri is also observed by some Telugu communities.