Karkidaka masam (Karikidakam month / Ramayana Masam) is the last and 12th month in Malayalam calendar followed in Kerala. In 2018, Karkidaka Masam starts on July 17 and ends on August 16.
Karkidakam month is dedicated to dead ancestors during when Shraddh ritual or pitru tharpan are offered to them. It marks the Sun’s transition to Karkadaka rashi from Mithuna rashi.
Karkidaka Vavu Bali (Pitru tharpan rituals) is the major ritual followed in Malayalam month of Karkidakam in Kerala. Karkidaka Vavu Bali 2018 date is August 11.
The sacred scripture Ramayana is recited during the whole month of Karkidam hence it is also known as Ramayana Masam. To welcome the Malayalam New Year (Chingam 1 or Chingam Month 1) with refreshing spiritual approach, Ramayana is recited till the last day of Karkidaka month.
Malayala month of Karkadikam 2018 corresponds with Aadi month in Tamil calendar, Shravana masam in Telugu, Kannada, Marathi & Gujarati calendars. It coincides with Shravan Month and Bhadrapada Month in North Indian Hindi calendars. It corresponds with Bengali Shraban month.
Malayalam Festivals in Karkidaka Masam 2018
17 July 2018 – Shashti Vratham, Dakshinayana Punyakalam, Ramayana Masam begins
23 July 2018 – Maha Ekadashi, Chathurmasya Vrata Arambham
24 July 2018 – Pradosham
27 July 2018 – Pournami, Vyasa Pooja, Pournami Viratam
28 July 2018 – Thiruvona Vratham
31 July 2018 – Sankatahara Chaturthi
5 August 2018 – Karthikai Vratham
7 August 2018 – Kamika Ekadashi
8 August 2018 – Vaishnava Kamika Ekadashi
9 August 2018 – Pradosham, Masa Shivaratri
11 August 2018 – Karkidaka Vavubali
12 August 2018 – Varsha Ritu
13 August 2018 – Sri Somavara Vratam
14 August 2018 – Chaturthi Vratham, Naga Chaturthi
15 August 2018 – Naga Panchami, Garuda Panchami
16 August 2018 – Shashti Vratham