Dr APJ Abdul Kalaam passed away on 27 July 2015 at Bethany Hospital, Shillong due to heart failure after having collapsed during a lecture he was giving at IIM Shillong. Government declares 7 days of national mourning following APJ Abdul Kalam’s death.
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (Listeni/ˈæbdʊl kəˈlɑːm/; 15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was an Indian scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007.
Kalam was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and was intimately involved in India’s civilian space program and military missile development efforts. He thus came to be known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology.
Dr Kalaam also played a pivotal organizational, technical and political role in India’s Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974.
Note: Dr Abdul Kalam died on DevShayani Ekadashi (Ashad Shukla Ekadashi).