Datta Jayanti (Guru Dattatreya Jayanthi, the birthday of Lord Dattatreya) is observed on Margashirsha Purnima, the full moon day in Margashirsha Month. In 2021, Datta Jayanti date is December 17-18.
In fact, Datta Jayanti is observed on Shukla Paksha Chaturdashi in Margashirsh month. Dattatreya, the son of Anasuya and Atri Maharshi, is considered as Trimurti Avatar, an incarnation of Hindu Trinity – Lord Vishnu, Brahma and Shiva.
Purpose of Dattatreya incarnation and Datta Jayanti
When Goddesses Saraswati, Lakshmi and Parvati came to know about Anasuya’s pativrata dharma, they wanted to test her and requested their husbands Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva to do so by asking her to give food with unclothed body. Anasuya made the Hindu trinity as small babies and fed them without any cloth on her body. Anasuya’s husband, Atri Maharshi came and knew the whole episode, created all three babies into one. This one form of Trimurti is Dattatrya Swamy. With their powers, Atri and Anasuya recreated Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
Dattatreya Jayanti Celebrations
Datta Jayanthi is celebrated with lot of gusto in Sri Pada Vallabha Kshetram at Pithapuram in East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh. This kshetram is also known as Padagaya Kshetram, Datta Kshetram or Vallabha Kshetram. Dattatreya Jayanti is a major festival at Ganugapur Sri Kshetra Dattatreya temple in Gulbarga district in Karnataka.
Read this post to know about Datta Jayanti puja procedure and the Vrat Vidhi for Dattatreya Jayanti
Panchang, 17 December 2021
Suryodayam(Sunrise) : 06:45 AM
Suryastama(Sunset) : 05:28 PM
Chandrodayam(Moonrise) : 04:05 PM
Chandrastama(Moonset) : 05:54 AM, Dec 18
Tithi : Chaturdashi upto Full Night
Nakshatra : Krittika upto 10:41 AM Rohini
Yoga : Siddha upto 08:14 AM Sadhya
Karana : Garaja upto 06:02 PM Vanija upto Full Night
Weekday : Shukrawara
Paksha : Shukla Paksha
Shaka Samvat : 1943 Plava
Chandramasa : Margashirsha – Purnimanta Margashirsha – Amanta
Vikram Samvat : 2078 Aananda
Gujarati Samvat : 2078 Pramadi
Abhijit : 11:45 AM to 12:28 PM
Amrit Kalam : 07:58 AM to 09:47 AM
Time to avoid:
Rahu Kalam : 10:46 AM to 12:06 PM
Yamaganda : 02:47 PM to 04:08 PM
Gulikai Kalam : 08:05 AM to 09:26 AM
Dur Muhurtam : 08:53 AM to 09:36 AM 12:28 PM to 01:11 PM
Varjyam : 04:46 AM, Dec 18 to 06:35 AM, Dec 18