Bhogi is the first day of 4-day Sankranthi festival in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. In Tamil Nadu, Bhogi is observed as Bhogi Pongal. For a grand celebration of Bhogi, all houses are cleaned and washed. People decorate their houses with “Rangoli / Kolam / Muggu”. Women draw the rangoli with rice flour and other natural colurs to welcome the prosperity of harvest in a grand style.
In 2019, Bhogi festival is being celebrated on January 14.
In some regions, cow dung balls are kept on the patterns of rangoli. Fresh harvest of rice, turmeric, sugarcane, gooseberries and some other grains are used to decorate houses.
Special Puja on Bhogi:
Before cutting the paddy, a special puja is performed on Bhogi to worship every god to continue the showers of bliss and prosperity on them with a good harvest in coming years.
Bhogi Mantalu (The Bonfire):
Bhogi Mantalu is one of the age old traditions on Pongal season in South India. The Bonfire is lightened up with cow dung balls, old clothes and some oils. It is believed that this bonfire (sacred fire) cures some diseases.