Adinath Sampradaya: Significance

“Nath” is a Sanskrit word from Hindu Tradition which means “Protector, Lord or Refuge”. The origin of word “Adinath” is also a Sanskrit word however it refers to the Original Lord. In Hindu Religion, Lord Shiva is considered to be the original Lord. Lord Shiva is also known by other names such as Maheshvara or Mahadev.

Origin of Adinath Sampradaya was first specified by Rajmohan Nath (1964). It was one of the sub-sects of Nath Sampradaya. Census Report of Punjab in 1891 also mentions origin of this sampradaya as a sub-division of Nath Sect. Adinath Sampradaya is referred to as “Sadhu Sampradaya”.

Followers of Adinath Sampradaya vowed to lead highly disciplined lives who were subjected to Sanyas Diksha or “Initiation” at the time of adopting Sampradaya. Followers had to take vow for living like naked sadhus. These sadhus spent their entire life living in caves, ruined building, huts and empty houses which were located at far distance from village towns.

Adinath Sampradaya has been led by various gurus and the last sadhu who held “Guru” status was Shri Gurudev Mahendranath. Guru Mahendranath gave diksha in western models. Later on the Adinath-sect was terminated by himself intentionally with Gurudev refusing to abide by the preaching and principles of Sannyas Diksha, a prerequisite for anyone to be known as the follower of Adinath Sampradaya. In Phantastikos he has described himself as the last guru of Adinath Sect. Citing the development of International Nath Order he declared his retirement from public life. He died in 1991.

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