Adhik Maas Vrat Katha, story of Mal Maas Vrat is mentioned in some scriptures. Also known as Purushottama Maas, Adhik Maas is considered very sacred as per Sanatan Dharma and most preferred for Daiva Karyas such as special pujas, vratas and other rituals.
The story of Adhik Maas vrat is associated with Lord Vishnu. As per the lunar year (Chandramana Varsha), there were only 12 months and each month was assigned to each god. But what about the Adhik Maas? No god was assigned to the extra lunar month.
Adhik Maas disappointed with this and approached Lord Vishnu and informed him that he has no god assigned, hence he (adhik maas) is considered Mal Maas and requested Vishnu to assign him a god.
Lord Vishnu understood the problem and assigned Adhik Maas to himself and signified the name Purushottama Maas to this month. Sriman Narayana also gifted the Adhik Maas with a boon that whatever good deed a performer does during this month, would get the result of ten times that of the normal month. Hence, performing good deeds like daana, japa, puja, sadhana, upasana, deeksha, etc. during this month would fetch ten times results than a normal month for devotees.
An ancient scripture ‘Purushottama Granth’ listed out many aspects of religious significance and spiritual importance of Adhik Maas. Purushottama Grantha Parayana is also considered auspicious during this period.
According to the Bhavishyottara Purana, fasting or eating once a day (Nakta Vrata) is very auspicious ritual during Adhik Maas. Naktha Vrata begins on the first day of Shukla Paksha (bright fortnight) and ends on the last day of Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight).
Sacred texts like Devi Bhagavata also mentioned about Adhik Maas and its significance. Fasting and charitable acts during this month would fetch a lot of good results to the performers.
Purushottam Maas Mahatmya Katha from Padma Purana
Once upon a time, thousands of sages came together in the holy place called
Naimisaranya to perform sacrifice. To their very good fortune the great sage
Suta Goswami, who had been traveling to different pilgrimage sites, arrived
there along with his disciples. The sages present were very enlivened to see
him. They all stood up immediately to pay their respects to the great sage,
offered him a very nice Vyasasana, and requested him with folded hands to
sit down on it.
The sages of Naimisaranya said to Suta Goswami with folded hands, “O
Sutaji! We humbly request you to tell us something about the wonderful activities
and pastimes of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. There are many thousands
of such narrations, but we want to hear the most perfect one, by following
which we can all be delivered from this Material Ocean and return back to
Hearing the request made by these sages, headed by Saunaka Rsi, Suta Goswami
began to speak, “O sages, please listen to me. I first went to Puskara
Tirtha, then after visiting thousands of other holy places, I reached
Hastinapura. There on the bank of Ganges, I saw thousands of sages sitting
together with Pariksit Maharaja. Just then the great sage Sukadeva Goswami
appeared, and all the sages present paid him proper respect by rising from
their seats with folded hands. All the
sages unanimously offered the Vyasasana to Sukadeva Goswami, who would speak
Krishna katha to Pariksit Maharaja.
Suta Goswami said, “O sages, I have just come from Hastinapura where I
Srimad Bhagavatam from the lotus mouth of Sukadeva Goswami. Now I will tell
you about the all-attractive activities and pastimes of the Lord.
Once, long ago, Sri Narada Muni reached Badrika Ashram, the residence of Sri
Narayana Rishi. The river Alakananda was flowing down from His lotus feet.
Narada paid his obeisances to Narayana and prayed, “Oh Lord of the
Oh ocean of mercy! Oh master of creation, You are all truthful, the essence
of all truths. I offer my obeisances unto You. “Oh Lord! In this material
world all living entities are busily engaged in sense gratification. They
have all forgotten the ultimate goal of life. Therefore please explain
something which will be helpful both for householders and sages in the
renounced order like me, something that will help us attain self realization
and return back to Godhead.”
Hearing the sweet words of Narada, Lord Narayana smiled. He said, “O
please listen to the narrations about the supremely pious pastimes of the
Supreme Personality of Godhead, Sri Krishna, for they will diminish all
sinful reaction. You already know of all the activities of the Supreme Lord,
but for the benefit of others, you are asking Me again. So now I will tell
you about the glories of the
sacred Purushottama month, which is fully potent to grant not only all
material happiness but also qualify one to return back to Godhead at the end
Naradji enquired, “O Lord, I have heard the glories of all months
Kartika, Chaitra, etc., but which month is this Purushottama month? O ocean
of mercy, please tell me all about this sacred month.
What is the way to glorify this month? What should I do in this month? How
should I take bath, give in charity, etc. What should I chant? Who should I
worship? Should I observe fasting in this month?” Please tell me
Suta Goswavmi said, “O sages, after hearing all these questions form
Lord Narayana began to speak from His moon-like lotus mouth, “O Narada, I
will tell you something which was previously explained by Lord Sri Krishna
to Maharaja Yudhisthira.
Once Dharmaraja Yudhisthira lost everything-his
empire, his palace and even his chaste wife Draupadi-to Duryodhana in a
gambling match. At that time Draupadi was insulted by Dusasana in front of
the whole royal assembly. But when
Dusasana had tried to strip Draupadi naked, she was saved from such a
dangerous situation by Lord Sri Krishna. After this incident, Yudhisthira
Maharaja along with his brothers and wife left his kingdom and lived in
Once Sri Krishna, son of Devaki, visited the Pandavas in that forest. All
the Pandavas, including Draupadi, were very happy to see their Lord, and
they forgot their painful forest life immediately. They felt enriched with a
new life just by taking Sri Krishna’s darshan. They paid their obeisances at
their Lord’s lotus feet. Seeing the miserable condition of the Pandavas, Sri
Krishna became very upset, and at the same time He became very angry towards
Duryodhana. It appeared as if the Lord was going to destroy the whole
universe, and so the Pandavas became fearful and all began to pray to the
Lord in a humble mood. Listening to the humble prayers of Arjuna, the Lord
composed Himself and said, “Oh Arjuna, being very pleased with all of you
Pandavas, and being controlled by your devotion and friendship towards Me, I
will now tell you about the wonderful history of Purushottama month.
Once upon a time, by the arrangement of providence, an extra month came to
this world. Every one took this month to be most inauspicious, and even saw
it as a stool-like month. Just as one should not touch stool, this month was
also seen as untouchable. It was constantly unprotected and blasphemed, and
rejected by everyone as an improper time for any religious and auspicious
Being so rejected by all human beings, and constantly hearing only bad words
and blasphemy, the personality of this extra month became very sad. She came
to Vaikuntha to explain her sorrowful situation to the Lord.
Seeing Lord Vishnu on His simhasana, she fell down at His lotus feet in a mood of sorrow
and grief. Tears were falling profusely from her eyes. She prayed to the
Lord, “Oh ocean of mercy! I have come to You because I am helpless. I have
been rejected and blasphemed by all people of the world. Please protect me;
please show me Your mercy. Please don’t be indifferent towards me.” Saying
these words, the extra month [adhik maas] continued crying in front of Lord
Vishnu and sat down before Him in a dejected mood. Seeing the humble and
pitiable position of the extra month, Lord Vishnu became very merciful
towards her. He told her, “Do not lament, I shall give you protection form
all of your miseries. Please stop crying. It is not proper to lament after
taking shelter of My lotus feet.”
Being so consoled by the Lord, the extra month said, “Oh Lord, You know my
painful condition. No one is in more miserable situation in these three
worlds than I. First of all, all other months, years,
days, nights, directions etc. are being protected by You, and so they are
always moving fearlessly in their unique charming moods. But I [an extra
month] don’t have any name, nor any protector, nor a husband to give me
shelter. All the demigods and human beings have rejected me for any
auspicious activities. For this reason, oh Lord, I want to die
immediately. “Oh Narada, this extra month then repeatedly said, “I want to die! I want
to die! I want to die!” Then she fainted at the feet of the Lord.
Being requested by Lord Vishnu, Garuda started fanning the extra month. And
after sometime she got up and began to speak again, “Oh Lord of the
universe, I am in need of Your shelter, please protect me.”
Lord Vishnu told the extra month, “Oh child, please don’t lament, your
misery will be finished very soon. Get up and come with Me to Goloka
Vrindavana, which is even unattainable to great yogis. Goloka is the abode
of Lord Sri Krishna. Here Lord Sri Krishna is in His two handed form,
surrounded by gopis and is enjoying His eternal pastimes. The Supreme Sri
Krishna of Goloka will deliver you from all your miseries, please come with
Me.” Then Lord Vishnu took Malamasa (the extra month)
to Goloka by catching her by the hand.
From a distant place Lord Vishnu and Malamasa observed the effulgence of
Goloka. This dazzling effulgence automatically forced Malamasa to close her
eyes. Therefore, keeping the extra month behind Him, Lord Vishnu proceeded
further until they reached the main gate. There the doorkeeper paid his
respects to Him.
Having reached the Supreme Abode, Lord Vishnu met Lord Sri Krishna who was
surrounded by many devoted gopis. Lord Vishnu husband of Ramadevi, paid His
obeisances to Lord Sri Krishna. Then He made the extra month also offer her
obeisances at the lotus feet of Lord Sri Krishna, even
though she was crying loudly. Immediately Sri Krishna asked, “Why is she
crying? She is in Goloka Vrindavana, why is she crying?” Hearing these
form Lord Sri Krishna, Lord Vishnu got up from His seat and started
explaining the miserable condition of the extra month. He begged Him to
please protect his unprotected month. “There is no one except You Lord
Krishna, who can save this extra month from her hellish condition and give
her full protection.” Having said these words, Lord Vishnu remained
standing in front of Lord Krishna with folded hands.
Then Suta Goswami continued to speak, “Oh sages! Lord Vishnu took his seat,
and Lord Krishna spoke very confidential words to Him. Listen carefully, for
I am now going to share those words with all of you.
Purushottama Sri Krishna said, “Oh Vishnu, you have done a very great deed
by bringing this extra month to Me. You will become even more famous for
performing this act. Because You have accepted this Malamasa, I will also
accept her. I shall make this poor extra month just like Me in quality, fame
opulence, realization, success, and in giving benediction to the devotees.
This month will become equally potent to Me. I am bestowing all of My divine
qualities in this abused month. Named after Me, this month will be famous as
Purushottama month in this world.
“Oh Janardana, now that she has imbued My qualities, I Myself will become the husband and protector of this Purushottama month. And being equal to Me, this month will be the master of all other months. Now this month will become worshipable by one and all. Everyone should pay their obeisances to her, everyone should worship her. This month is equally as powerful as Me to give any type of benediction to its observer. The worshiper of this month will be able to burn all this past sinful reactions to ashes, and after enjoying a blissful life in the material realm, he will return back to Godhead.
“Oh Garudadhwaja,” Lord Sri Krishna continued, “My Goloka is unattainable to the performers of austerities, mahatmas engaged in pious activities, to people who maintain celibacy, or to those who fast their whole life’s duration. But just by observing Purushottama month and becoming a devotee one can easily cross over this material ocean and return back to Godhead.
Observance of this Purushottama month is the best of all austerities. Just as a farmer produces a rich harvest by planting seeds in nicely cultivated land, so an intelligent man who practices devotional service towards the Supreme Lord in this Purushottama month will enjoy a blissful life while in this world and after leaving his body he will return back to Godhead.
“An unfortunate ignorant man, who does not perform any japa, does not give
any charity, does not pay respect to Lord Sri Krishna and His devotees, does
not behave properly to brahmanas, makes enmity with others and who
blasphemes the Purushottama month will go to hell for an unlimited
Lord Sri Krishna continued, “How can a person make his life successful
unless he performs devotional service in this Purushottama month? A person
who is fully engaged in sense gratification and does not give any special
importance to this sacred month becomes the best candidate for hell.
All human beings should perform some devotional service in this Purushottama
1. Worshipping Me, Sri Krishna, by chanting My holy name
2. Study of Srimad Bhagavatam and Bhagavad-gita, particularly Chapter
Fifteen, Purushottama Yoga
3. Giving in charity
4. Offering ghee diya (lamp) daily
A fortunate person who follows My instructions and observes this
Purushottama month properly, and in a faithful way worships Me will attain
fame, opulence and a good son in this very life. After enjoying a happy
life, he will return back to Goloka Dhama. By following My instructions,
everyone should worship this sacred month. I have made it the best among all
other months. Oh husband of Rama devi (Vishnu), give up all kinds of mental
speculation about this extra month. Just
take this Purushottama month with You to Your Vaikuntha abode.