Sawan Somvar Vrat or Shravan Somvar Vrata is an observance dedicated to Lord Shiva during the month of Shravan (July – August). In 2012, Shravan Somvar vrat dates in North Indian Hindi panchang are: July 9, July 16, July 23 & July 30. In Marathi, Kannada, Gujarati, and Telugu Panchangam Shravana Somvar vrat 2012 dates are: July 23, July 30, August 6 & August 13.
Sawan Somvar Vrat is observed mainly in North Indian states. It is also observed in some regions of South India. In South Indian states, people worship Shiva on Karthik Somvar instead Shravan Somvar. Karthik Somvar Vrata is also highly meritorious.
Sawan Somvar Vrat – Importance and Significance of Shiva Pooja on Shrawan Somvar:
Though Shravan maas is dedicated to Lord Vishnu, on Shravan somvar (Mondays in Sawan mahina) Lord Shiva is worshipped. Sawan month is auspicious and the Somvar in the Shravan maasare dedicated to Lord Shiva because during this month Shiva drank Haala hal and became Neelkant.
At the time of Samudra manthan (churning of milk ocean), haala hal came out of the ocean and shook the universe. To protect the universe, Lord Shiva drank the poison and kept it at her throat. Since then Lord Shivas throat appeared blue. Usually, Somvar is the favorite day for Lord Shiva and Shravan Somvar is considered as highly auspicious because of the holiness of the Shravan month.
Sawan Somvar Vrat is observed by married women for happy marital bliss and her familys wellness. Unmarried women perform Shrawan maas somvar vrat to get good life partner. Men also worship Shrawan Somvar vrat for their academic, professional success. In some regions, devotees also worship Goddess Parvati Devi, Lord Ganesh and Lord Karthik along with Shiva during Shrawan Somvar vrat.