Makar Sankranti or Pongal is the season for Rangoli designs. Rangoli designs, also known as Kolam in Tamil, Muggu in Telugu, Kolam in Malayalam, Alpana in Bengali, are considered as a symbol to welcome prosperity or wealth into our house.
Women draw rangoli designs or patterns to welcome Sankranti Lakshmi or the crop they yielded during the rainy and winter seasons.
In Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, during Sankranti or Pongal season, women folk draw rangoli in front of their houses and decorate them with turmeric powder, kumkum, grass blades, flowers, sugarcane slices, gooseberries, and some types of grains.
Apart from mythological or spiritual significance, Rangoli designs also benefit humna beings. The raw material, rice flour or other flour, used in Rangoli designs effect the growth of some harmful insects. It also provides the food for some useful little insects and worms.
Here are some Rangoli designs or Muggulu contributed by Mrs. Soumya Rajesh Torthi from Bangalore: