Shiva is a Hindu deity among the Trimurti (The Hindu Trinity of the primary aspects of the divine). Lord Shiva is known as ‘the Destroyer’ or ‘the Transformer’. He is the Super most God within the three most influential denominations in Hinduism where as in other branches of Hinduism, he is regarded as one of the five primary forms of God.
Shiva is usually worshipped in the form of lingam which is ‘aniconic’. He is described as an omniscient yogi living an ascetic life on Mount Kailash. He is a householder with his wife Parvati, and Ganesha and Kartikeya his two sons. Shiva has many benevolent as well as fearsome forms. He is often visualized as immersed in deep meditation, and is often depicted slaying demons in fierce aspects, and is also depicted as the Cosmic Dancer.
The worship of Shiva is a Hindu tradition, practiced all over India, Sri Lanka and Nepal. Historians believe that the figure of Shiva as we know today were ideas of many regional sects being amalgamated was built up over time, into a single figure. The evolution of the concept of Shiva is the most fascinating and thrilling one and Shiva hold a unique place among the Hindu pantheon.
It is only Shiva whose origin was traced in the pre-Aryan period and whose worship pervaded to all parts and corners of India, South and North equally. The authors of the Indus Valley Civilization most probably had the credit of developing the concept of Shiva as the source of all things in the universe. The concept of Shiva had been associated with the growth of the Harappan culture and importantly the name of the place was also after name of Shiva, i.e. ‘Hara’ meaning Shiva and ‘appa’ meant papa or father, and together ‘Harappa’ refers to Father Shiva.