The word Shiva in the language of Sanskrit is known as “pure and destroyer”. According to the language of Hindi, the word Shiva is known as “The Auspicious One”. It is written either as Siva or Shiva, in simple English transliteration. The adjective word śiva, means “auspicious”, that is largely used as an attributive epithet but of different other Vedic deities.
In the classic Sanskrit language the word śaiva greatly means “relating to the god, Lord Shiva. The name is largely associated with one of the principal sects of Hinduism which is popularly known as Shaivism.
Among the 600th name of Vishnu sahasranama, Adi Sankara, in his religious interpretation of the said name Lord Shiva appeared as the 27th name. Shiva to have multiple meanings as per the thousand names of Vishnu interprets the word Shiva as “the One who purifies everyone by the very utterance of His name,” “the One who is not affected by three Gunas of Prakrti (Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas)” and “The Pure One”.
Shiva means “the One who can never have any contamination of the imperfection of Rajas and Tamas” and “the One who is eternally pure” according to Swami Chinmayananda has mentioned regarding the name in his translation of Vishnu sahasranama. Shiva is regarded to be the Hindu God who has no Anta or Aadi i.e. no death or birth. The Lord is also known as Parameśvara (“Supreme Lord”), Mahādeva and Maheśvara. The listing many names of Shiva and eight different versions of the Shiva Sahasranama, devotional hymns (stotras) are popular among the Hindus.