Stories from Vishnu Purana

Dashavatara of Lord Vishnu

Dashavatara of Lord Vishnu

The Vishnu Purana is one of the Eighteen Mahapuranas, and it is considered as a holy text of Hinduism. It contains the details of Lord Vishnu, his avatars and about his famous devotees like Narada, Prahalada, Thumburu and Dhruva. According to Vishnu Purana, Lord Vishnu is considered as the main god and all the other gods and goddesses are considered as demi gods and demi goddesses, and they obeys his orders and acts as per his instructions, and through his supreme powers he is controlling the entire universe.

This famous Vishnu Purana was written by Sri Vedavyasa, who is also an aspect of Lord Vishnu. This purana mentions about Lord Brahma and Shiva, and also about other Devas like Varuna, Indra and Kubera. In Vishnu Purana, Rishi Maitreya and his guru, Parashara, tells us about the significance of Lord Vishnu, and about his Yoga Nidhra, a type of meditation.

In this Purana, Lord Vishnu is called as Hari, Janardana, Madhava, Achyuta, Madhusudhana, Jaganatha, Padmanabha, Dhamodara, Hrishikesha and by various other names. By chanting his slokas and by reciting the Vishnu Sahasranama, we would get mental peacefulness, we would be freed from our sins and diseases and we would get divine enlightenment. Vishnu Purana is the most important and oldest among the 18 major Puranas. Among all the Puranas, Vishnu Purana is considered as most significant. According to Vishnu Purana the chief deity is Lord Vishnu, who creates, protects and destroys the universe. The Vishnu Purana describes about the seas, stars, planets, the sun, moon, the mountains, and about the various deities. The Puranas have been composed mainly in Sanskrit, but some Puranas have also been composed in regional languages.

There are totally 7,000 Slokas are available in Vishnu Purana. Vishnu Purana is a Vaishnav Mahapuran, and by reading this holy text, would destroy our sins. This scripture was praised even by ancient kings, scholars and by the devotees of Lord Vishnu. The number of slokas contains in Vishnu Purana is only 7,000.

Vishnu Purana is a Hindu scripture which mentions about various attributes of Lord Vishnu. Apart from Lord Vishnu, the importance of Ma Lakshmi is also mentioned. This purana contains the details about the emergence of demigods, the story of Samudra Manthan, the description of the creator god Brahma.

Vyasa is the author of the Mahabharata, Vedas and Puranas. He is also called as Veda Vyasa or Krishna Dvaipayana. He is also considered as an Incarnation of Lord Vishnu, who was born as Veda Vyasa in dwapara yuga for the compilation of Vedas. Vishnu Purana tells us about so many details related to life. By reading Vishnu Purana regularly, we could lead a happy and a peaceful life.

BIRTH OF VISHNU PURANA

Once Sage Parashar, had narrated the divine treasure, Sri Vishnu Purana to Maitreya, and Sage Suta had learned it from Maitreya, and in course of time, Sage Parashar had retold this wonderful Vishnu Purana to his son Vedavyasa, and Rishi Vyasa has written this great Purana in an excellent manner.

The Vishnu Purana consists of the following..
Creation of the universe
Birth of the gods and the demons

Deluge also known as Pralaya, means the destruction of the entire universe. Previously three deluges were occurred in the earth during Satya Yuga, Treta Yuga and Dwapara Yuga. During the time of Pralaya, all the worlds would be submerged in the ocean. Then again after some time, fresh creation of the living beings and the worlds would be made.

Mohini is the female avatar of Lord Vishnu. She looks very beautiful with a pleasing appearance. Mohini is mentioned in ancient texts and Puranas, and her importance is also mentioned. She appeared during the time of churning of the divine ocean by the divine devas and the demons, in order to distribute the divine nectar to the divine devas.
Prahlada was the staunch devotee of Lord Vishnu, and he belonged to the Rishi Kashyapa gotra. He is classified as one among the best Bhagavathas similar to Narada, Thumburu and Dhruva due to his utmost devotion on Lord Vishnu. Prahlada was available even at the time of the churning of the Divine Ocean.

Dhruva is an ardent devotee of Lord Vishnu, and he was praised in the Vishnu Purana and in the Bhagavatha Purana. Through his sincerity and purity, he has become a shining Dhruva star in the skies, and for him, there is no end.

Narada is a sage, and a musician. In Mahabharata and Ramayana, he was mentioned as a great divine sage and also a fortune teller.

Tumburu is the best among singers and is a great musician of Gandharvas. He composed music and songs in the courts of Divine gods.

Indra  is a Vedic deity in Hinduism,   and the king of the heaven. He is the son of Kashyapa and Aditi. He was mentioned in Rig veda, and described him as a most efficient warrior, and a learned scholar who contains valuable powers, and having the capacity to fight with asuras. He is guided by his guru “BRAHASPATI”.

Varuna is a Hindu deity related with the seas. He is found in the Vedic literature of Hinduism. He is the god of sea and rain. He is under the control of Lord Indra. He receives the instructions given by Lord Indra, and will do according to his favour.

Kubera is the Lord of Wealth and the king of Yakshas as per Hinduism. He is the son of Vishrava and Illavida. His wife name is Bhadra. And his children are Nalakuvara and Manibhadra. He is regarded as  the protector of the entire world.

Vayu is a Hindu deity, the wind god, and the father of Hanuman and Bheema. He is controlled by Lord Indra, the god of heavens. And he is a sincere devotee of Lord Vishnu.

Agni is the fire god, and considered as the Vedic god of Hinduism. He is also the guardian deity of the southeast direction. He is the son of Aditi and Kashyaba. His wife name is Svaha Devi.

Sagara is a famous king of the Suryavansha dynasty and ruled the Vidarbha region, which is the present day Nagpur, Maharashtra and he was mentioned in ancient texts and in Mahabharata. He ruled his kingdom in a proper manner, and gave a golden rule during his period. Lord Rama and the great king Sri Harichandra were born in the Suryavansha dynasty.

Once, King Sagara performed a Horse Yagna in order to increase his powers. After knowing about it, Lord Indra had stolen the horse and he tied the horse at the ashram of Kapila, who was in deep penance. King Sagar’s sons were searched and found the horse at Sri Kapila Bhagavan’s ashram. And they thought he had stolen it, and prepared to attack the sage.  Kapila opened his eyes, and fire formed from his eyes and all the sons of Sagara were immediately burnt into ashes. Later on their descendant, Bhagiratha prayed to Mata Ganga and brought her into the earth, and by spraying the holy water of river ganges in the ashes, his forefathers were reached to the heaven.

Brahmarshi Vishwamitra is one of the most famous rishis  of ancient India. His name is mentioned in various divine texts and puranas. He has also authored some portions of the Rigveda. His birth name is Kaushika.

Dhanvantri is an Ayurvedic god, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, and he is worshipped widely all over India as a god of medicine. He has emerged from the Ocean with Amirtha (Divine immortal drink of the Devas) on his hand.

Nahusha was a king of the Chandra dynasty and he was the son of King Ayu, and Queen Viraja. Nahusha was born due to the blessings of Lord Dattatreya, and he was the consort of Mata Ashokasundari, who is also popularly known as Bala Tripura Sundari, and she is the daughter of Lord Shiva and Mata Parvati, and their son Yayati has become the king after his father, Nahusha.

Once Mata Parvati, wanted to have a daughter, and due to that, she requested the divine Kalpavriksha tree to grant a daughter to her. On hearing the words of the great goddess, immediately the Kalpavriksha had fulfilled her wish, and as result, a charming young girl, who was named as Ashokasundari was appeared in front of her. After staying with Shiva, Parvati, Ganesa and Muruga for a few years, Parvati asked Ashoksundari to marry with Nahusha.

Yayati was a noble king, and he was the son of King Nahusha and Ashokasundari, also known as “SREE BALA TIRIPURA SUNDARI” who was the daughter of Shiva and Parvati. His descendants were the Pandavas. Due to his great power, Yayati had conquered the entire world and was considered as the great emperor of the world. He also ruled his kingdom in a well-versed manner treating the people in a proper manner, and he had given a GOLDEN RULE during his period, similar to Lord Sri Rama and Bhakt Prahalad. His son was puru, and King Bharata, son of Dushyanta and Shakuntala, was also the descendent of puru.

Kartavirya Arjuna was an ancient king who lived in the Treta Yuga and ruled the ancient city of Mahishmati, which is the present day Madhya Pradesh. Kartavirya was the son of Kritavirya. He has got thousand hands and an ardent devotee of Lord Dattatreya. Kartavirya Arjuna ruled his city for a long period of time and he was praised by the people for giving a golden rule. He was the avatar of Sudarsana Chakra.

Matsya is the fish avatar of Lord Vishnu. This avatar is mentioned in Vedic texts, puranas, bhagavatam and in the great epic Mahabharatha.

Kurma is the great Avatar of Lord Vishnu. Kurma appears at the time of Churning of the ocean. He appears in the form of a divine tortoise.

Varaha is the avatar of Lord Vishnu who takes the form of a boar to rescue goddess earth from the ocean. Earth god, BhuDevi was thrown into the ocean by the demon king Hiranyaksha, who was the brother of Hiranyakasipu. Lord Vishnu fought with Hiranyaksha, and destroyed him. This is a very important avatar, since Lord Vishnu has safeguarded the earth, by bringing it from the ocean, thereby restoring her place in the universe. He has taken this avatar in the first yuga, that is in SATYA YUGA also known as KRITA YUGA.

Narasimha is an avatar of Lord Vishnu, who incarnates in order to protect Dharma, and to protect the earth and heaven from the Demon King Hiranyakashipu, and for saving the child devotee Bhakt Prahalad, from the clutches of Hiranyakasipu.

Vamana was born to Aditi and Kashyapa, the great Rishi couples, and he was an avatar of Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu was incarnated as Vamana in Treta Yuga, in order to keep the position of Lord Indra in power as the Ruler of Heavens, and to maintain the other devas in their power at their Swarkaloka, and to send King Mahabali to Pathala Loka.

Parashurama was the avatar of Lord Vishnu. He is known to be the most sincere devotee of Lord Shiva. He has controlled the power of Kshatriya, who began to abuse their power, and cause problems to the ordinary people and tortured them.

Rama was born to Kaushalya and Dasharatha in Ayodhya. His brothers were Lakshmana, Bharata, and Shatrughna. He was married to Sita. Sita is the main character and is the most pious and holy woman as per Ramayana.

Lord Krishna, who is the great avatar of Lord Vishnu, is worshipped as the supreme deity by his devotees, throughout the world. Lord Krishna was born in the present day Mathura at Uttar Pradesh on 3,228 BC, and he lived a life span for about 125 years. After the end of his avatar, Dwapara Yuga ends and Kali Yuga starts. When he left from the earth, people began to suffer from the clutches of Kali Purusha. But even then, those who sincerely worship Lord Krishna from their place itself would be blessed by the holy god, and the severity of our problems would be reduced, and Kalipurusha cannot easily approach us, and he would never cause harm to the devotees of Lord Krishna. During the time of Lord Krishna, people loved each other and contained polite behaviour, and they didn’t suffer much in their life.

Lord Krishna had killed lot of demons very easily, and reduced the burden of the earth goddess, also known as Mata Bhudevi. Both Krishna and Balaram are very good boys and had stolen the hearts of the people in Gokulam. Due to their presence, no one had suffered from illness, mental tension and mental disorders. Every one lived happily with the presence of the divine child Lord Krishna and Balaram. Lord Krishna took the avatar, in order to make the people to move in a right path, and gave good guidance for living a noble life through his famous Bhagavat Gita.

Balarama is a Hindu god and the elder brother of Krishna. His wife was Ma Revati. He is also known as Baladeva, Balabhadra, Haladhara and Halayudha. Lord Balarama is considered to be an avatar of Lord Vishnu. He is also regarded as an incarnation of Adisesha.

Kalki, is the tenth avatar of Lord Vishnu who will appear at the end of Kali Yuga. It is stated that Kaliyuga consists of 432000 years. He is described in the Puranas as the avatar who appears by riding a holy white horse with a shining sword.

Parikshit was a Kuru king who was supposed to have ruled his kingdom during 9th century BC. He played a major role in the development of the Kuru dynasty. He was the son of the great warrior Abhimanyu. He was the successor of his great uncle Yudhishthira to the throne of Hastinapur.

Janamejaya was the king of Hastinapur, and he is believed to have lived before few thousand years ago. Similar to his father Parikshit, he contains very good qualities, and ruled his kingdom in a well versed manner, and kindly treated his people, and provided all the necessary facilities to them. People were admired and praised him for giving a GOLDEN RULE. He honoured the sages and conducted lot of fire sacrifices, and gave sufficient wealth to the Vedic scholars, and arranged for regular puja activities in the temples. He conquered lot of regions through his bravery, and expanded his kingdom.

Kali Yuga is considered as the fourth yuga, and the first yuga was Satya Yuga, second was Treta Yuga, and Third was Dvapara Yuga. Kali Yuga is connected with the demon Kali, also known as Kali Purusha. As per legend, Kali Yuga was started approximately before 5,100 years. After the end of Dwapara Yuga, when Lord Krishna departed from this earth, Kali Yuga was started.

SIGNIFICANCE OF LORD VISHNU

Lord Vishnu is the god of protection, and he is protecting the entire universe through his supreme powers. He is said to be residing in the Vaikunta along with Mata Lakshmi, and he is also called as Lakshminarayana, and he is surrounded by his sincere devotees like Narada, Tumburu, Bhakta Prahalada and Garuda. The origination of Lord Vishnu cannot be determined by us, since he is considered to be the supreme god, and for him there is no beginning and the end. Lord Vishnu is the one who grants salvation to his devotees.

BENEFITS OF READING AND LISTENING TO VISHNU PURANA DISCOURSES

Those who used to read preach and those who used to patiently listen to Vishnu Purana would get good benefits in their lives, and they would be able to attain salvation also.

“OM NAMO NARAYANA”
WRITTEN BY
R.HARISHANKAR

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