Is Rakshabandhan on 11 August or 12 August in 2022? There are some clear indications from Akhil Bhartiya Jyotish Parishad and the renowned astrologers based in North India and South India that Rakshabandhan should be observed on 11th August and not on 12th August.
Why is the question raised?
Shravan Purnima begins at 10.38 AM on 11th August and ends at 7.05 AM on 12th August. As per the Hindu Panchangam, the Purnima thithi is on 12th as it prevails through the Sunrise time on the particular day.
Why is Rakshabandhan not observed on 12 August?
But Rakshabandhan is observed on the Aparahan Vyapthi (Madhyahna Vyapthi) or Pradosh Vyapthi Purnima tithi.
Based on the above aspect, Rakshabandhan should be observed on 11th August, Thursday. But in some areas, as Purnima prevails on 12th also.
What Purushartha Chintamani says about Rakshabandhan celebration?
Purushartha Chintamani, one of the standard religious books for festivals and celebrations, states
‘Yada Purnima Muhurta Dvya or Traya madhye Kinchit Nyoona tada Aparanhnhe sarvatha tad Abhaavat, Pradosha Pashchime Bhage Bhadrante dinvat Karma cha Aacharet.’
Which means, when Purnima prevails for less than 144 minutes i.e. three muhurats, then the previous day should be observed as Rakhi Festival.
Vishti or Bhadra Karana factor on Rakshabandhan, 11 August 2022
There are some other aspects like Bhadra Karana (Vishti Karana) which is a dominating Panchanga aspect in deciding the Rakshabandhan festival.
On 11 August 2022, Bhadra begins at 10.38 AM and ends at 8.50 PM. According to Scriptures, Bhadra is avoided for Rakshabandhan. But there are few exceptions.
What Dharmasindhu says about Rakshabandhan Muhurat?
Dharmasindhu, the prominent Hindu religious book of festivals and Muhurats, says Apararahan Time (Afternoon Time) is the most preferred Time to tie Rakhi and observe Rakshabandhan rituals. And the better alternative time would be Pradosha Time. As the Bhadra Karana prevails through Aparahan Time on 11th August, Pradosha Time would be most preferred for Rakshabandhan rituals.
Here is the Daily Panchangam of 11 August 2022
Suryodayam (Sunrise) : 05:45 AM
Suryastama (Sunset) : 06:46 PM
Chandrodayam (Moonrise) : 06:32 PM
Chandrastama (Moonset) : 05:43 AM, Aug 12
Tithi : Chaturdashi upto 10:38 AM, Purnima
Nakshatra : Uttara Ashada Maas upto 06:53 AMShravana upto 04:07 AM, Aug 12Dhanishtha
Karana : Vanija upto 10:38 AM Vishti upto 08:50 PMBava
Yoga : Ayushmana upto 03:32 PMSaubhagya
Weekday : Guruwara
Paksha : Shukla Paksha
Shaka Samvatsaram : 1944 Shubhakrutha
Chandramasa : Shravana – Purnimanta; Shravana – Amanta
Vikram Samvat : 2079 Rakshasa
Gujarati Samvat : 2078 Pramadi
Abhijit Muhurat : 11:49 AM to 12:41 PM
Amrita Kalam : 06:55 PM to 08:20 PM
Time to avoid:
Rahu Kalam : 01:53 PM to 03:31 PM
Yamaganda : 05:45 AM to 07:22 AM
Gulikai Kalam : 09:00 AM to 10:38 AM
Dur Muhurtam : 10:05 AM to 10:57 AM 03:18 PM to 04:10 PM
Varjyam : 10:25 AM to 11:50 AM