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Glossary of ingredients for Onam: Translations- Malayalam to English / Hindi

Festival and celebration are part and parcel of life. There are many numbers of festivals and celebration in different religions and communities in the society. Onam is one such festival that is commonly celebrated by Malayalees and non-Keralite because of its festivity and historical importance.

The preparation of Onapookalam and Onasadya are very common in rest of India and abroad.

Here are some Malayalam to English translations of certain ingredients name that will be largely useful during this Onam season.

  •  Yam: Chena
  •  Taro: Chembu
  • Ash gourd  : Kumbalanga
  • Asafoetida  : Kayam
  • Bengal gram  : Mani Kadala
  • Banana  : Vaazhakka/pazham
  • Black gram  : Uzhunnu
  •  Bitter gourd  : Kaippakka (Pavakka)
  • Cardamom  : Elakkaya
  • Cabbage  : Muttagoosu
  •  Cashew nut  : Kashuvandi paruppu
  •  Green Chili Pepper : Pacha mulaku
  •  Turmeric  : Manjal
  • Coconut oil  : Velichenna
  • Coconut  : Nalikeram or Thenga
  •  Coriander  : Malli or Kothumalli
  • Dates  : Eenthappazham or kayakka
  • Cumin  : Jeeragam
  • Cowpea  : Van Payar
  • Drumstick  : Muringakkaya
  •  Egg plant (Brinjal) : Vazhuthinanga
  • Fennel  : Perinjeeragam
  • Fenugreek  : Uluva
  •  Mung bean  : Cherupayar
  •  Garlic  : Veluthulli
  • Butter  : Venna
  •  Cheese  : Paalkkatty
  •  Ginger  : Inji
  •  Groundnut oil : Kadalayenna
  •  Ghee  : Nei
  • Jack fruit  : Chakka
  • Mango  : Manga
  • Lemon  : Narrenga
  • Orange  : Madhuranarrenga
  • Gooseberry  : Nellikka
  • Jaggery  : Sarkara (vellam)
  • Lady’s finger: Vendakka
  • Milk  : Paal
  • Onion  : Ulli
  • Black pepper  : Kuru mulaku
  • Shallot  : cheriya ulli or chuvanna ulli
  • Potato  : Urulakkizhangu
  • Pea  : Payar
  •  Pumpkin  : Matthan
  • Pineapple  : KaithaChakka
  •  Plantain  : Nendrakka
  •  Raisin  : Unakka mundiri
  •  Salt  : Uppu
  • Spinach  : Cheera
  • Turmeric powder  : Manjal podi
  • Chilli powder : Mulaku podi
  • Sugar  : Panchasara
  • Sesame oil  : Ellenna or Nallenna
  •  Tomato  : Thakkaali
  • Tapioca  : Kappa or Kolli or Poolla
  • Tamarind  : Puli

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