C Subramania Bharathi, popularly known as Bharathiyar, (1882–1921) was a great personality who was specialized in diversified fields such as writing texts, composing poems, publishing journals and participating in the freedom fighting movement etc. He was an expert in writing Tamil poems, and due to that he had been awarded the title “Mahakavi Bharathi”. He lived a simple life, and contains very good features, and though he was an intelligent person, he spent his life in poverty, till the end of his life. He was interested in spirituality, and used to frequently visit the temples and worship the deities. His birth name was Chinnaswami Subramania Bharathi.
He was born in the present day Thoothukudi in the year 1882 in a pious Brahmin family. After completing his education in his native place, he worked under various newspaper agencies. Due to his active participation in the freedom fighting movement, he shifted to Pondicherry, and he lived there until 1918.
Apart from Tamil language, he was an expert in other regional languages also. His songs are highly memorable, and easy to understand, and still praised by the old and new age people, for the meaningful lyrics. His famous lyric is “IF EVEN A SINGLE PERSON STARVES WITHOUT FOOD. COME LET US DESTROY THE ENTIRE WORLD”. “தனி ஒரு மனிதனுக்கு உணவில்லை எனில் இந்த ஜகத்தினை அழித்திடுவோம்”.
His other famous lyric is “HEY, DEATH GOD YAMA COME IN FRONT OF ME! I WILL KICK YOU”.
“காலா!உனை நான் சிறு புல்லென மதிக்கிறேன்; என்தன் காலருகே வாடா! சற்றே உனை மிதிக்கிறேன்”.
He met Sister Nivedita, Swami Vivekananda’s disciple, and through her insistence, he wrote about the rights of the women in his magazine. He also considered that all the women are the incarnations of Mata Shakti Devi, and gave much respect to them.
He was arrested several times, by the British soldiers, and later got released by them. During the year 1921, while he was visiting the Parthasarathy Temple, Triplicane, he was attacked by the temple elephant, and even after getting admitted in the hospital, after a few months his health condition was worsened, and he died on 11 September 1921. He spent his last years of his life in a house in Triplicane, Chennai. The house was named as Bharati Illam and opened for public view.
Let us praise the great poet.
“JAI SRI SUBRAMANIA BHARATI”