Dakshinayanam, Pitrayana: (Karka Sankraman, Karkataka Sankranti)

Dakshinayanam (Pitrayana) is also referred as Karka Sankraman or Karkataka Sankranti. On this day, Sun enters into Karkataka (Karka) rashi (Cancer). In 2022, Dakshinayana starts on July 17 as per the South Indian Panchangams. According to North Indian calendars, Dakshinayana punya kaal starts on June 21, 2022.

Karka Sankranthi or Karkataka Sankranti indicates ending of the Uttarayan Punya kaal and the beginning of Dakshinayana punya kaal, whereas Makara Sankranthi (Pongal) marks the beginning of Uttarayan Punya kaal.

Dakshinayana or Karka Sankraman – The time to observe Deva Shayana Vrat:

In Hinduism, it is believed that Gods go for sleep during the period of Dakshinayan. The beginning day of Vishnu Shayana Vrata or Chaturmas Vrat is called as Vishnu or Deva Sayani Ekadasi, and the Shiva Sayana Vrat is called as Shiva Shayana Chaturdashi or Pishacha Chaturdasi. During the Karka Sankranthi, performing Pitru tharpan or the rituals to pay our respect to Pithru Devatas is considered as highly meritorious deed.

Performing food charity and donating clothes is also highly meritorious. Worshipping Lord Vishnu, chanting Vishnu Sahasra nama stotram and worshipping Lord Varaha Swamy (the third incarnation of Lord Vishnu) is preferable ritual on the day of Karka Sankranti.

As per Hinduism, for Gods one day equals to one year in Human life. Uttarayan is the day time to Gods and the Dakshinayan is the night time.

Write Your Comment


  1. sfauthor says:

    Nice blog. Do you know about these Sanskrit books?


  2. Suhag says:

    best time for performing vishnusahasra nama at pushakar

  3. Vedha says:

    can we do upanayanam in tirupati in dakshinayanam

  4. Namrata says:

    upanayanam in dakshinayana followed by south indian brahmins

  5. Godavri says:

    when to do aksharabhyasam in dakshinayanam or uttarayana

  6. Lohit says:

    hindu panchang can brahmins perform upanayanam during dakshinayanam

  7. Viksar says:

    is it good to travel on karka sankranti 2017

  8. Visvambhar says:

    when will be the karkataka sankranthi in the year of 2017

  9. Suryadev says:

    who hindus has to worship in dakshinayanam 2017

  10. Vineeta says:

    why dakshinayan start in karka rashi which is in north

  11. Iravat says:

    what happens if we do upanayanam in dakshinayanam