Bhishma Panchak Vrat, also known as bheeshma panchakam, is a 5-day vow or observance dedicated to Bhishma. In 2020, Bhishma Panchak vrat starts on November 25 and ends on November 29.
Usually, it begins on Utthana Ekadasi or Prabhodini and ends on Kartik Purnima day. During these five festive days in Kartik month, devotees worship Lord Vishnu or Krishna and observe strict fast.
The legend and significance of Bhishma Panchakam are mentioned in Hari Bhakta Vilas, Padma Purana and Garuda Purana.
Bhishma Panchak Vrat 2020 dates
Dev Utthana Ekadashi or Hari Prabhodini Ekadasi – First day – 25 November 2020
Ksheerabdi Dwadashi or Chilku Dwadasi – Second day – 26 November 2020 – Chaturmas vrat ends
Kartika Shukla Trayodashi – Third day – 27 November 2020
Vaikunta Chaturdashi – Fourth day – 28 November 2020
Kartik Purnima – Fifth day – 29 November 2020 – Tripurari Purnima
Ksheerabdi Shayana vratam and Tulsi Damodar Vivah are also performed during Bhishma Panchaka vrata. On Utthana Ekadashi during Bhisma Panchak, devotees offer ‘Padma (lotus) to the Lord.
On Ksheerabdi Dwadasi, bilva patra are offered. Gandha or chandan (sandalwood paste) is offered on Kartik Trayodashi and on Vaikunta Chaturdasi day, java flowers are offered.
On the last day, Kartik Purnima day, Lord is offered malati flowers. These offerings are made to various parts of Lords idol.