Today, 10 February 2013 is Mauni Amavasya. It falls on Magh Amavasya, the No Moon day in Magh Month as per the traditional North Indian Hindi calendars. It coincides with Paush Amavasya, the No Moon in Paush Month, as per the Amavasyant calendars followed in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Goa, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
For 2013, Mauni Amavasya is even more auspicious as it falls during Maha Kumbh Mela of Allahabad. This is the only Maha Snan in Prayaga Kumbh Mela. Naga Sadhus and other highest range of Hindu religious and spiritual leaders perform Punya Snan in this Mela on this day.
‘Mauna Vrat’ (Austerity of silence) is observed on Mauni Amavasya. Surya Pujan, Surya Arghya, Pitru Tharpan and other shraddh rituals are the major rituals to perform on this day.
Mauni Amavasya marks the end of Paush Month in Amavasyant Panchangam.
It coincides with Thai Amavasai and Makara Masam Amavasya in Tamil and Malayalam calendars respectively.