Chhari Mubarak (Holy Mace) is an important aspect of Amarnath Yatra other than giant ice shivalinga of the Cave Temple. This silver mace which is highly revered as the super weapon of Lord Shiva. Since Amarnath yatra begins only after performing puja to Chhari Mubarak at Budshah Chowk in Srinagar, we can check out the significance of the holy mace in this sacred pilgrimage.
As per the legends mentioned in the ancient scriptures, the Chhati was given by Lord Shiva to Rishi Kashyap. Along with the holy mace, Lord Shiva also ordered Kashyapa Maharshi to bring the mace to Amarnath Temple each year. This is the reason why Amarnath pilgrims carry a walking stick which gives them the spiritual strength to accomplish the sacred journey to Amarnath cave temple.
In order to mark the beginning of Amarnath Yatra, Chhari Mubarak is carried from Srinagar to Pahalgam on Vyas Purnima (Ashada Purnima) to perform Bhoomi Puja and Dhwajarohan ceremony. A fortnight before Raksha Bandhan day, it moves to Shankaracharya Temple in Srinagar to perform a special pooja.
After that, the Chhari is carried to Sharika Bhawani Temple and then Dashnami Akhara for Chharri Sthapana and Dhwajarohan ceremonies. On Nag Panchami day, a special pooja is performed and after five days, Chhari leaves for Amarnath Temple.
On the way to Amarnath Cave temple, Chhari halts at various destinations with night halts at Pahalgam, Chandanwari, Sheshnag and Panchtarani.
On Raksha Bandhan day, a special pooja is offered to the Chhari in Amarnath Temple. After this, the holy mace is brought back to Pahalgam, and is immersed in the water of Lidder River.