Govardhan Puja is observed on the fourth day during 5-day Diwali festival. In 2019, Govardhan Puja date is October 28. It is mainly observed in North Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh.
On this day, Lord Sri Krishna along with cows is worshipped. Govardhana Pooja is celebrated as a commemoration of the lifting of Govardhanagiri by Lord Sri Krishna. Thus, Krishna acquired the name of ‘Govardhanagiri Dhari or ‘Govardhandhari.
Legend of Govardhan Puja:
The legend or the story of Govardhan is mentioned in many sacred scriptures. According to the Vishnu Purana, a severe drought affected Gokul when Sri Krishna was young kid. People of Gokul had set up everything to do Indra Puja and sacrifices to please Indra, who is considered as the Lord of rain and nature as per Hinduism.
But, little Krishna stopped the people who were worshipping Indra and suggested them to perform Gopooja (Gomata pooja) instead of Indra Puja. This made Indra furious and poured in heavy rain on Gokul. The people of Gokul and cattle were feared and prayed to Krishna to save them from the dangerous flood.
Young Krishna lifted the Mount Govardhan and invited people and cattle of Gokul to reside under it. Indra knew his mistake and appeared before Krishna and asked him to forgive.
Panchang, 28 October 2019
परिधावी नाम संवत्सर, कार्तीक मॉस, कृष्ण पक्ष, अमावस्या – प्रतिपदा तिथि, स्वाति नक्षत्र, प्रीती योग, किंस्तुघ्न – बव करण |
Suryodayam (Sunrise) 06:33 Suryastamaya (Sunset) 17:47
Chandrodayam (Moonrise)00:00 Chandrastama (Moonset)18:18
Paksha (Fortnight) Krishna Paksha
Tithi (Lunar Day) Amavasya – 09:08
Skipped Tithi (Lunar Day) Pratipada – 30:13*
Nakshatra Swati – 25:01*
Yoga Priti – 18:27
Karana Kinstughna – 19:37
Skipped Karana : Bava – 30:13*
Purnimanta Month Kaartika
Amavasyanta Month Ashwin
Shaka Samvatsara: Vikari
Vikram Samvat Varsha: Paridhavi
Rahu Kalam: 07:57 – 09:21
Gulika Kalam: 13:34 – 14:59
Yama Gandam: 10:46 – 12:10
North Indian Hindi Calendar – Kartik Mahina 2076 (Kartik Maas)
Malayalam Calendar – Thulam Month 1195 (Thulam Masam – Tula Masam)
Kannada Calendar – Ashwina Maasa
Tamil Calendar – Aippasi Month (Aippasi Masam)
Bengali Calendar – Kartik Mash 1426
Nepali Calendar – Kartik Maas 2076
Telugu Calendar – Ashwayuja Masam (Ashwayujam)
Marathi Calendar – Ashwin Maas
Gujarati Calendar – Asoj Maas
Ravi Rashi (Sun Sign) Tula
Chandra Rashi (Moon Sign) Tula
Amrita Kalam 17:03 – 18:30
Abhijit: 11:48 – 12:33
Time to Avoid
Varjyam Kalam 30:11* – 31:40*
Durmuhurthams: 14:47 – 15:32