Sankranti, also known as Makar Sankranthi, marks the Suns transit into Makara Rashi. Sankranti 2013 date is January 14. This day marks the beginning of Uttarayana Punyakalam. It is celebrated throughout India with various names. Makara Sankramana Snan is the most observed ritual during Sankranti.
Sankranti is celebrated as Pongal in Tamil Nadu for three days. In Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, Sankranthi is celebrated for four days. Bhogi, Sankranti, Kanuma and Mukkanuma are the four festivals during Makar Sankranthi.
Sankranti 2013 dates – Calendar of Sankranthi 2013:
Bhogi 2013 – January 13
Sankranti 2013 – January 14
Kanuma 2013 – January 15
Mukkanuma 2013 – January 16
Bhogi marks the beginning of Sankranti festival. Sacred bonfire is the main ritual during Bhogi. This ritual is called as ‘Bhogi Mantalu in Andhra Pradesh. Kite flying, Rangoli designs (Pookalam, kolam or muggulu), Gobbemma, Gangireddu and haridasu are the main aspects of Sankranthi festival.
Kanuma, third day during Sankranti festival, is associated with the legend of lifting of Govardhan Giri by Lord krishna. Mukkanuma, the final day of Sankranti festival, is celebrated to worship cattle.