Sri Saraparameswarar temple is located in the village named Tirucherai, in the district of Thanjavur, in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India. The primary deity of this temple is Saraparameswarar (Lord Shiva) and his consorts are Gnanambikai and Gnanavalli. The holy tree of this temple is Mavilangai.
The holy waters of this temple are Markandeya theerthem and Bindhu Sudha theertham. The agamam or pooja of this temple is known as Kameeyam. This temple is nearly 1000-2000 years old in this region. The historical name of this place is none.
According to local legends, “The temple is praised in the Thevram hymns of Gnanasambandar and Tirunavukkarasar. This is the 95th temple on the southern bank of river Cauvery praised in Thevaram hymns.” The chief festivals of this shrine are Margazhi Tiruvadhirai (December-January), Iypasi Annabishekam (October-November), Mahashivarathri in Masi (February-March), Theerthavari in Masi full moon day, Purattasi Navarathri in September-October, Deepavalli, Pongal, New Year days and Masi month special days.
According to the Hindu religious scholars and pundits, “He is worshipped as Rina Vimochana Lingeswarar meaning that He relieves the devotees from debts. This is the only temple where three Durgas are present as Shiva Durga, Vaishnavi Durga and Vishnu Durga. Saint Tirunavukkarasar has praised the Bhairava in the temple with a special hymn. Bhairava graces here with a tattoo on the left upper arm with a trident and bell, a form exclusively seen only in this temple.”
On 13, 14 and 15th of Masi (February-March), the rays of Sun directly falls on the presiding deity and the feet of the Mother.