Sri Mahalingam temple is located in the village named Thiruvitaimaruthur, in the district of Thanjavur in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India. The primary deity of this temple is Mahalingam (Lord Shiva) and his consort is Perumulaiyaal.
The holy tree of this temple is Marutha tree. The holy water of this temple is Kaarunyamirtham. The agamam or pooja of this temple is known as Kameeyam. This temple is nearly 1000-2000 years old in this region. The historical name of this place is none.
According to the local legends, “Tirujnanasampanthar, Appar, Sundarar pongunool maarpineer puthappataiyeer poonkangai thankucen cataiyineer caamavetham othineer enkum ezhilaa maraiyorkal muraiyaal eththa itaimaruthil mankultoy koile koilaaka makizhntheere –Tirujnanasampanthar. This is the 30th holy place in the southern banks of Kaveri consecrated by Thevaram.”
The important festivals celebrated in this temple are 10 days festival – Brahmotsavam, in the month of Thai – Thaipoosam, Tamil in English New Year Days, Deepavali, Pongal, ‘theerthavaari’. in the Vaikaasi month, ‘pratosha’ days, the grand Vasanthotsavam festival for 10 days – Tirukkalyaanam festival, Ambaal ‘thannai thaane’ prayer festivals, Ambaal tapasu, Thiruvaathirai, Shivarathri, Aaadipooram and Karthigai.
As ‘swayambu moorthi’, the Lord of this holy place graces the devotees and pilgrims. It is to be highly remembered that the Thiruvitaimaruthur Mookambigai is as famous and popular like the Karnataka Kollur Mookambigai. This type of shrine is only in Thiruvitaimaruthur and Kollar in south India. Devotees and pilgrims visit this particular shrine with of dedication and devotion. People from far and near visit this temple for fulfilling their wishes and desires.