Sri Gnanaparameswarar temple is located in the village named Thirumeignanam, in the district of Thanjavur, in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India. The primary deities of this temple are Gnanaparameswarar and Palasavananathar (Lord Shiva) and his consorts are Gnanambikai and Periyanayaki.
The holy trees of this temple are Palasu and Vilwa. The holy waters of this temple are Gnana theertham and Chandra theertham. The agamam or pooja of this temple is known as Kameeyam. This temple is nearly 1000-2000 years old in this region. The historical name of this place is Thirumayanam.
According to the local legends and pundits, “The temple is praised in the hymns of Saivite saints Tiruganasambandar, Tirunavukkarasar and Sundarar. In his Thevaram hymns, saint Thirugananasambandar sings the glory of the Lord in the following lines. “No evil will touch those ever chanting the glory of the Universal Father gracing from Naalur Mayanam and who pressed the ten headed Ravana by His one toe and also gifted him a sword and life.” This is the 96th temple on the southern bank of Cauveri praised in Thevaram hymns.”
The main festivals of this temple are Masi (February-March), Margazhi (December-January), in the month of Purattasi (September-October) three time puja is conducted in the shrine daily, Mahashivarathri in Febraury-March, Deepavalli and pondal. Special pujas and rituals are conducted on Hindu traditional calendar and Georgian calendar.
As a Swyambu Linga Murthy, Lord Shiva graces in the temple. It is to be noted that Sage Abasthamba worshiped this Lord with Vedic rules and regulations.