Vijaya Dashami is the tenth and last day of Durga Navratri. In Bengal it is the culmination day of Durga Puja. Vijayadashami 2012 date is October 24. Vijaya Dashami, known with various names – Dussehra or Dasara – signifies the victory of good over evil. This festival is celebrated with much gusto in every region of India and in Nepal.
As per North Indian legend, Vijaya Dashami is a commemoration day of Lord Rams victory over Ravan. On this day, Ravan Vadh, burning out huge effigies of Ravan, is performed. Ramlila celebrations are very popular events during Navratri and on Vijaya Dashami day. Durga Visarjan is performed on this day and Durga Puja in Bengal is concluded with Devi immersion.
In Kerala, Vidyarambham is performed on Vijaya Dashami. Vidyarambham is an ancient ritual of initiating children into the world of knowledge. Ayudha Puja is also performed on this day in some places of India. Shami Puja and Aparajita Pooja are some other main rituals of Vijaya Dashami. In Maharashtra, Simollanghan, crossing the borders of a place, is done.