Surya Pongal is the second day of four-day Pongal festival in Tamil Nadu. In 2017, Surya Pongal date is January 14. As the name suggests, the festival is dedicated to Surya or Sun God.
Surya Pongal is celebrated as Makar Sankranti in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and North Indian states. This is also the first day of the Tamil month of Thai masam. Kolam is the main attraction of Pongal festival in Tamil Nadu. Women folk take it as a challenge to decorate their houses with beautiful kolam designs.
Surya Puja is the most important ritual during Surya Pongal festival. Devotees offer naivedyam of milk and jiggery to Lord Surya. Milk is boiled in every house in a clay pot and when the boiled spills out from the pot, children shout out “Pongal – oh – Pongal”. In some places, Pongal (rice recipe) is cooked. Surya Puja marks the beginning of Thai month. Surya Stotras or Prayers of Lord Surya are recited during the Surya Pongal Puja.
In 2016, Surya Pongal date was January 15.
In 2015, Surya Pongal date was January 15.
In 2014, Surya Pongal date was January 14.
In 2013, Surya Pongal date was January 14. Surya Pongal 2012 date was January 15, 2012.