Sri Kokileswarar temple is located in the village named Tiru Kozhambiam, in the district of Thanjavur, in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India. The main deity of this temple is Kokileswarar, Kozhamba Nathar (Lord Shiva) and his consort is Soundarya Nayaki.
The holy trees of this temple are Vilwa and Jasmine. The holy water of this temple is Brahmma Theertham. The agamam or pooja of this temple is known as Kameeyam. This shrine is nearly 1000-2000 years old in this region. The historical name of this place is Tirukozhambam.
According to the local legends, “Saints Tirunavukkarasar and Tirugnana Sambandar had sung the glory of the Lord of this temple in their Thevaram hymns. This is the 35th Lord Shiva temple on the southern bank of Cauvery praised in hymns.”
The important temple festivals are Karthikai Soma varams-Mondays in November-December, Maha Shivrathri in February-March, Chithirai first day being Tamil New Years day, Deepavali in October-November, Vaikasi Visakam in May-June; Aani Tirumanjanam in June-July and Panguni Uthiram in March-April, Purattasi Navarathri in September-October; Vinayaka Chaturthi in August-September; Purattasi Navarathri in September-October, Karthikai Mondays in November-December and Vaikasi Visakam in March-April are the festivals celebrated in the temple.
In the temple, Lord Shiva is a swayambu murthi. In the Linga, the Bana part is big in size. On the Aavudayar of the Linga – Peeta, the foot prints of a cow are visible for the devotees and pilgrims. It also indicates the penance in the form of a cow of Mother Parvathi.