Pancharamas is the collective name given to the five ancient temples of Lord Shiva. ‘Pancha’ means five and ‘Arama’ means pleasant state of mind. ‘Pancharamas’ means five places which make us feel pleasant.
The five temples are known as Amararamam, Draksharamam, Somaramam, Ksheeraramam and Bhimaramam. All these five temples are situated in Southern part of India. In each of the temples, the name of Lord Shiva is different. And each temple is found and installed by different Gods, according to the legend.
Amararamam is located in Amaravathy. In this temple, Lord Shiva is called as Amaralingeswara Swamy, worshipped by Lord Indra. Also, this temple is installed by Lord Indra himself. Here, the Goddess Parvati is called as Bala Chamundika Devi.
Draksharamam is located in Draksharamam. In this temple, Lord Shiva is known as Bhimeswara Swamy, worshipped and installed by Lord Surya. And Goddess Parvati is called as Manikyamba Ammavaru. Somaramam is located in Bhimavaram. Lord Shiva is called as Someswara Swamy, this is installed by Lord Chandra. Goddess Parvati is called as Sri Rajarajeswari Devi.
Lord Vishnu has installed the Ksheeraramam, in Palakollu. Lord Shiva is called as Ksheera Lingeswara Swamy, Goddess Parvati is Parvati Ammavaru. And finally, the son of Lord Shiva, Kumaraswamy has installed Bhimaramam in Samalkota. Lord Shiva is being called as Kumara Bhimeswara Swamy and Goddess Parvati as Bala Tripura Sundari Devi. These five temples constitute significant set of pilgrimage shrines in Andhra Pradesh. There are common beliefs and legends pertaining to the holiness and existence of Lord Shiva’s power in these five places.