It is highly advised to consult your doctor before wholeheartedly deciding on fasting in case you have any health related problems or issues. Those who are taking medicine are recommended not to indulge in Ekadashi fasting.
The devotees can opt for partial or complete fast by totally avoiding food that is made of rice. It is to be noted that on the day of Ekadashi, do not eat food that is made from rice.
All the Hindu devotees who are observing Ekadashi Vrat should strictly avoid eating honey, meat, rice and grains and shouldn’t eat on a bell metal plate on the auspicious day. It is to be remembered that do not apply oil on the day. On the other hand, those who are observing partial fast can consume milk and fruits to large extent.
The performers of Ekadashi Vrat should indulge in taking bath and offering prayer to Lord Vishnu in the afternoon and evening times. They should visit the nearest Vishnu temple and witness the morning puja and rituals. They should also say Vishnu Ashotharam and Vishnu Sahasranamam plus do simple Chanting of – Om Namo Narayana. They can also indulge in any other prayers dedicated to Lord Vishnu or Sri Krishna.
They shouldn’t sleep and should keep vigil at night. It is to be noted that on this auspicious day, a staunch Hindu devotees who observe Vaikunta Ekadasi fasting don’t sleep at all on the day. At Vishnu temples near the house or by singing prayers or listening stories dedicated to Lord Vishnu at home or temple, they spend the whole night.