Is Rakshabandhan on 20 August or 21 August in 2013? There are some clear indications from Akhil Bhartiya Jyotish Parrishad and the renowned astrologers based in North India and South India that Rakshabandhan should be observed on 20th August and not on 21st August.
Why is the question raised?
Shravan Purnima begins at 10.19 AM on 20th and ends at 7.11 AM on 21st August. As per the Hindu Panchangam, the Purnima thithi is on 21st as it prevails through the Sunrise time on the particular day.
Why is Rakshabandhan not observed on 21st August?
But Rakshabandhan is observed on the Aparahan Vyapthi (Madhyahna Vyapthi) or Pradosh Vyapthi Purnima tithi.
Based on the above aspect, Rakshabandhan should be observed on 20th August, Tuesday. But in some areas, as Purnima prevails on 21st also, the festival is observed on Wednesday.
What Purushartha Chintamani says about Rakshabandhan celebration?
Purushartha Chintamani, one of the standard religious books for festivals and celebrations, states
‘Yada Purnima Muhurta Dvya or Traya madhye Kinchit Nyoona tada Aparanhnhe sarvatha tad Abhaavat, Pradosha Pashchime Bhage Bhadrante dinvat Karma cha Aacharet.’
Which means, when Purnima prevails for less than 144 minutes i.e. three muhurats, then the previous day should be observed as Rakhi Festival.
Vishti or Bhadra Karana factor on Rakshabandhan, 20 August 2013
There are some other aspects like Bhadra Karana (Vishti Karana) which is a dominating Panchanga aspect in deciding the Rakshabandhan festival. On 20th August, there is Bhadra Karana which lasts till 8.44 PM. According to Akhil Bhartiya Jyotish Parrishad, this is not an important aspect as Bhadra is not so powerful on this day. Hence, we can avoid the aspect of Bhadra and celebrate the festival on 20th August.
What Dharmasindhu says about Rakshabandhan Muhurat?
Dharmasindhu, the prominent Hindu religious book of festivals and Muhurats, says Apararahan Time (Afternoon Time) is the most preferred Time to tie Rakhi and observe Rakshabandhan rituals. And the better alternative time would be Pradosha Time. As the Bhadra Karana prevails through Aparahan Time on 20th August, Pradosha Time would be most preferred for Rakshabandhan rituals.
Here is the Daily Panchangam of 20 August 2013
Tithi Sukla Chaturdasi Ends at 10:19
Nakshatram Sravanam Ends at 13:37
Vishti (Bhadra) Karana Ends at 20:44, Vanija Karana Ends at10:19
Soubhagya Yogam Ends at 08:23 [Skipped: Sobhana Yogam Ends at 28:43]
Today’s Significance / Vrat, Puja, Auspicious day or Festival today: Shravan Purnima; Rakshabandhan; Rakhi Festival; Ruk Shukla Yajur Taitiriya Shravani; Avani Avittam (Upakarma – Yagnopavitha Dharana); Rig Upakarma; Shukla Yajurveda Upakarma; Nariyal Pournima; Hayagriva Jayanti. Mangala Gauri Vratham.
Paksha: Shukla Paksha / Sud Paksha. Month: Shravan Month in North Indian Hindi calendars (Purnimant calendars) & in Telugu, Kannada, Marathi, Gujarati calendars (Amavasyant Calendars).
Tamil Calendar: Aavani Masam 4 & Malayalam Calendar: Chinga Masam 4
Bengali Calendar: Bhadra Month 3
Ravi Rashi (Sun Sign) Simha Rashi (Leo)
Chandra Rashi (Moon Sign) Makara Rashi (Capricorn) & Kumbha Rashi (Aquarius)
Amrita Kalam 26:25 – 27:52 Duration: 01:26
Abhijit: 12:06:00 – 12:54:00
Time to Avoid
Varjyam Kalam 17:44 – 19:11 Duration: 01:26
Rahu Kalam: 15:42:30 – 17:18:45
Gulika Kalam: 12:30:00 – 14:06:15
Yama Gandam: 09:17:30 – 10:53:45
Durmuhurthams: 08:39:00 – 09:30:20
Durmuhurthams: 23:23:09 – 00:14:29